International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing (IJEM)

IJEM Vol. 6, No. 1, Jan. 2016

Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 560KB)

Table Of Contents


Design of Low Voltage and High-Speed BiCMOS Buffer for Driving Large Load Capacitor

By Maede Kaviani Hojjat Sharifi Mahdi Dolatshahi Keivan Navi

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jan. 2016

BICMOS circuits are interesting for designers when a high speed output driver is required especially in I/O circuits. Buffer is an important block in high speed circuits, so designing a buffer with high drive capability has a great effect on circuits with large load capacitor. This paper presents a new BiCMOS buffer which uses 32nm technology node for CMOS transistors and 0.18um technology node for BJT transistors. The proposed buffer operates properly in voltage ranges from 0.8v to 1.5v. The capacitor range is from 0.5pf to 200pf; the overshoot of the output in this capacitor range is less than 10% of the supply voltage that is negligible. The proposed design has improvements in delay for about %88 respectively compared to similar CMOS buffers with high capacitor values.

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Scrum-Based Methodology for Product Maintenance and Support

By Riffat Naz M. N. A. Khan Muhammad Aamir

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jan. 2016

Product maintenance techniques have significant importance because they are much cost effective and less time consuming to maintain a product or software rather to change it. There are different product maintenance and support techniques. These previous techniques do not solve user/clients bugs, issues and enhancements effectively and efficiently. Scrum is being used now a day as a quick, flexible and holistic methodology to develop software. In Scrum projects there is the much customer involvement is included which help to develop a user oriented product. Users can change their requirements in Scrum. Many techniques have been proposed for product maintenance and support. However, in this paper, there have been a detailed literature review of existing product maintenance techniques and also presented a new proposed model and technique for the product maintenance by using Scrum methodology. This Scrum based model for maintenance is designed and based on the analysis of client request types and severity (priority). In our approach, The Session attendees (Scrum Master, Product Owner and Team) choose that bug, issue or enhancement first which has an urgent type or higher priority request and resolves it then select low priority request or non urgent requests and facilitates the clients in timely manner. In this way this proposed model works effectively and defiantly to meet the customer's demand. A comprehensive study on product maintenance and support has been carried out which adds to the current practices in the scrum. We found that maintenance phase of the scrum has been given less attention in the existing literature. In view of this, we have made an attempt to propose a novel model that focuses on the maintenance phase of scrum.

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Comparison of OFDM System in Terms of BER using Different Transform and Channel Coding

By Pratima Manhas M.K Soni

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jan. 2016

Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing is a type of multicarrier modulation technique which is used in wireless communication. OFDM can be used in various wireless and wired application such Digital audio broadcasting, digital video broadcasting & wireless LAN. The Performance of OFDM system depends on various parameters such as using different transform, different modulation and by putting various channel coding. In this paper OFDM system is modeled by using different transform (DWT/FFT), different modulation (BPSK, QPSK, QAM) and different channel coding (Linear / Cyclic block codes) for AWGN channel. The performance parameter is calculated as Bit error rate (BER) for various transform/modulation/channel coding based OFDM systems. MATLAB Simulink tool is used to calculate the bit error rate (BER).

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