Isabona Joseph

Work place: Department of Physics, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria



Research Interests: Telecommunication, Signal Processing, Computational Physics, Wireless Networks, Computer Networks


Joseph Isabona, Ph.D, received Ph.D. and M.Sc. degrees in Communication Electronics, 2013 and 2007 respectively, and a B.Sc in Applied Physics in 2003. He is the author of more than 100 scientific contributions including articles in international refereed Journals and Conferences in the area of Wireless Mobile communications. The Author is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow of the Department of Electronic Engineering, Howard College, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. His area of interest includes Signal Processing, Radio Resource Management and Physics of radio signal propagation engineering. 

Author Articles
An Adaptive Hybrid Outdoor Propagation Loss Prediction Modelling for Effective Cellular Systems Network Planning and Optimization

By Ikechi Risi Clement Ogbonda Friday Barikpe Sigalo Isabona Joseph

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Aug. 2023

The frequent poor service network experienced by some mobile phone users within some deadlock areas in Nigeria is an issue which has been identified by different researchers due to wrong positioning and planning of the evolved NodeB (eNodeB) transmitter using existing propagation loss models. To effectively contribute towards this potential issue constantly experienced in some part of Nigeria, an adaptive hybrid propagation loss model that is based on wavelet transform and genetic algorithm methods has been developed for cellular network planning and optimization, with the capacity to resolve the problems absolutely. First, the signal strengths were measured within four selected eNodeB cell sites in long term evolution (LTE) at 2600MHz using drive-test method. Secondly, the measured data were denoised through wavelet tools. Thirdly, COST231 model was optimize and deduced to generic model with parameters. Fourthly, genetic optimization algorithm automatically developed the propagation loss models for denoised signal data (designated as wavelet-GA model) and unprocessed signal data (designated as GA model). The hybrid wavelet-GA propagation loss model, GA propagation loss model, and COST231 propagation loss model were compared based on three error metrics such as root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE) and correlation coefficient (R). The developed hybrid wavelet-GA model estimated the lowest RMSEs of 2.8813 dB, 3.9381 dB, 4.7643 dB, 6.9366 dB, whereas, COST231 model gave highest value of RMSE. The developed hybrid wavelet-GA model also derived the least value of MAE as compared with COST231 and the GA models, such as, 2.2016 dB, 2.8672 dB, 3.4766 dB, 5.8235 dB. The correlation coefficients were also compared, and it showed that the developed hybrid wavelet-GA model were 90.04%, 78.61%, 92.21% and 91.23% for the four cell sites. The developed hybrid wavelet-GA model was also validated to account for the performance level by checking for the correlation coefficient using another measured signal data from different eNodeB cell sites other than the once used for the developed of the hybrid wavelet-GA model. It was noticed that the developed hybrid wavelet-GA propagation loss model is 97.41% valid. Existing standard COST231 model are not able to predict propagation loss with high level of accuracy, as such not efficient to be applied within part of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The proposed hybrid wavelet-GA model has proven to achieve high performance level and it is relevant to be utilized for cellular network planning and optimization. In future purposes, more regions and locations should be considered to form a broader view in the development of more robust propagation loss models.

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Tropical Rain Intensity Impact on Raindrop Diameter and Specific Signal Attenuation at Microwaves Communication Link

By Isabona Joseph Ibrahim Habibat Ojochogwu Ituabhor Odesanya

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Apr. 2023

Realistic knowledge of rainfall characteristics and modeling parameters such as size, shape, and drop size distribution is essential in numerous areas of scientific, engineering, industrial and technological applications. Some key application areas include, but not limited to microphysics analysis of precipitation composition phenomenon, weather prediction, signal attenuations forecasting, signal processing, remote sensing, radar meteorology, stormwater management and cloud photo detection. In this contribution, the influence of rain intensity on raindrop diameter and specific attenuation in Lokoja, a typical climate region of Nigeria is investigated and reported. Three different rain rates classes obtained due to heavy rainfall depth, heavy rainfall depth, and heavy rainfall depth have been explored for the raindrop size distribution analysis. The three-parameter lognormal and Weibull models were utilised to estimate the influence of rain rates on the drop sizes and specific rainfall attenuation in the study location. For Lognormal model, the maximum raindrop concentration occurred approximately at diameter of 1 mm before showing downfall performance trends as the drop diameter increases. In the case of Weilbull model, the maximum raindrop concentration occurred at different drop diameter with the three rain rate classes, before showing downfall concentration trends with increasing rain drop diameter values. By means of the two models, the highest raindrops concentration values attained in correspondence with the specific rain attenuation were made by drop diameters not more than 2.5 mm. In terms of rain rate, specific attenuation and frequency connection, the results disclose that attenuation of propagated electromagnetic waves increases at increasing rainfall depth and increasing operating frequency bands. The results also disclose that the specific attenuation is directly proportional to the increase in rain intensity levels in correspondent with the operational frequency. As a case in point, at 4GHz frequency, the attenuation level of about 20 dB/km level is attained for mean, minimum and maximum rain rates of 29.12, 12.23 and 50.22 mm/hr, respectively. But as the frequency increased from 4GHz to 20GHz, the attenuation level almost doubles from 20 to 45dB/km at still same rain rates. The above performance is so, because at higher radio-microwave frequencies, the wavelength of the propagated electromagnetic waves approaches the mean diameter of the raindrop. The results display gradual increase in attenuation levels as the diameter rain drop sizes and intensity increases or become broader. The attenuation grows because the raindrops interfere, distort, absorb and scatter major portion of the microwave energy. However, the gradual trend in the attenuation level increase becomes slower and tending to logarithm stability at larger rain drop values. This may suggest that the attenuation level may come to equilibrium state at higher rain drop diameters. The resultant outcome of this work can assist microwaves communication engineers and relevant stakeholders in the telecommunication sector with expedient information needed to manage specific attenuation problems over Earth–space links communication channels, particualry during rainy seasons.

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Empirical Rain-based Attenuation Quantification and Impact Analysis on 5G New Radio Networks at 3.5GHz Broadband Frequency

By Ibrahim Habibat Ojochogwu Isabona Joseph Ituabhor Odesanya

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2022

Today, rain remains one key and well-known natural phenomenon that offsets and attenuates the propagated radio, microwave, and millimeter-wave signals at different transmission frequencies and wavelengths over propagation paths. Specialised rain attenuation studies can be utilized to analyze their stochastic behavior on propagated radio signals and also come up with appropriate rain attenuation model for network application planning and optimisations. In this contribution, empirical rainfall depths data has been acquired, effectively categorized, and employed to examine the implicative intensity level trends over a ten years period, starting from 2011 to 2020.  More importantly, the Recommendation ITU-R P.1511 power-based model combined with the acquired categorized rainfall depths data has been explored to prognostically estimate and quantity the amount of specific attenuation loss due over 3.5G transmission frequency. The results reveal that the level of attenuation attained versus 0.01% percentage of time depends on the type of rain intensity levels (heavy rain, very heavy rain, extremely heavy rain), which in turn is dependent upon rain depth or rate drop sizes. As a case in point, 0.001 percent of the time due to heavy rain, the amount of specific attenuation attained stood at 2dB, while for very heavy and extremely heavy rain, the specific attenuation levels amount to 2.3dB and 4dB respectively. These different amounts of specific attenuation simplify imply that the heavier the rain, the more scattering, and absorption the propagated electromagnetic signals undergo, thus leading to degraded and higher attenuation levels. The empirical based-rain attenuation quantification and impact analysis method explored in this paper will significantly provide radio network engineers with the best way to monitor and evaluate the radio attenuation effect over a propagation channel.

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Optimal Call Failure Rates Modelling with Joint Support Vector Machine and Discrete Wavelet Transform

By Isabona Joseph Agbotiname Lucky Imoize Stephen Ojo Ikechi Risi

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Aug. 2022

Failure modeling is an essential component of reliability engineering. Enhanced failure rate modeling techniques are vital to the effective development of predictive and analytical methodologies, demonstration of the engineering procedure, allocation of procedures, design, and control of procedures. However, failure rate modeling has not been given adequate treatment in the literature. The need to investigate failure rate modeling leveraging cutting-edge techniques cannot be overemphasized. This paper proposed and applied a joint support vector regression (SVR) and wavelet transform (WT) approach termed (WT-SVR) to training and learning the call failures rate in wireless system networks. The wavelet transform has been accomplished using the wavelet compression sensing technique. In this technique, the standardized call failure rate data first go through a wavelet filtering transformation matrix. This is followed by separating and outputting the transformed filtered components in the compression phase. Finally, the transformed filtered output components were trained and evaluated using the SVR based on statistical learning theory. The resultant outcome revealed that the proposed WT-SVR learning method is by far better than using only the SVR method for call rate prognostic analysis. As a case in point, the WT-SVR attained STD values of 0.12, 0.21, 2.32, 0.22, 0.90, 0.81 and 0.34 on call failure data estimation compared to the basic SVR that attained higher STD values of 0.45, 0.98, 0.99, 0.46, 1.44, 2.32 and 3.22, respectively.

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Adaptation of Propagation Model Parameters toward Efficient Cellular Network Planning using Robust LAD Algorithm

By Isabona Joseph Divine O. Ojuh

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Oct. 2020

All new mobile radio communication systems undergo a cautious cellular network planning and re-planning process in order to resourcefully utilize the allotted frequency band and also ensure that the geographical area of focus is adequately fortified with integrated base stations transmitters. To this end, efficient radio propagation model prediction and tuning is of huge importance, as it assists radio network engineers to effectively assess and plan the cellular network signal coverage area. In this research work, an adaptive least absolute deviation approach is proposed and verified to fine-tune the parameters of Ericsson propagation model. The adaptive tuning technique have been verified experimentally with field propagation loss data acquired over three different suburban locations of a recently deployed LTE radio cellular network in Waterlines area of Port Harcourt City. In terms of the mean absolute percentage error and coefficient of efficiency, the outcomes of the proposed adaptive tuning approach show a higher degree of prediction performance accuracy on the measured loss data compared to the commonly applied least squares regression tuning technique.

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