IJISA Vol. 5, No. 11, Oct. 2013
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 202KB)
The problem of structural identification of systems with the distributed lag in the conditions of uncertainty is considered. Known statistical approaches are laborious and not always allow making the decision on lag structure. Therefore in work for the problem decision the special class of static structures (SS) (virtual portraits) explored system is introduced. Process of the decision of a problem consists of two steps. At the first step set of secants for initial system is under construction. Completeness of set of secants is a sign of linearity of system. Nonfulfilment of conditions of completeness is a sign of nonlinearity of system. Estimation of nonlinearity of system execute on an indicator of level of nonlinearity of the system, offered in work. At the second step the special structural space is introduced and is defined SS for a nonlinear part of system. The estimation of nonlinear properties of system is executed on the basis of identification of parameters of set of secants SS. Criteria and algorithms of decision-making on structure of a lag on the basis of the analysis of virtual portraits are offered. The analogue of criterion of Durbin-Watson is offered. The received results are generalized on a case of the distributed lag in input and output variables of system. It is shown that to structural identification of systems with the distributed lag we will not apply the analysis of sector sets. The approach to parametrical identification of system with the distributed lag in the conditions of uncertainty is offered.[...] Read more.
Localization and mapping are very important for safe movement of robots. One possible way to assist with this functionality is to use laser scan matching. This paper describes a method to implement this functionality. It is based on well-known random sampling and consensus (RANSAC) and iterative closest point (ICP). The proposed algorithm belongs to the class of point to point scan matching approach with its matching criteria rule. The performance of the proposed algorithm is examined in real environment and found applicable in real-time application.[...] Read more.
In this paper, image segmentation of gray-level images is performed by multilevel thresholding. The optimal thresholds for this purpose are found by maximizing the between-class variance (the Otsu’s criterion). The optimization (maximization) is conducted by a novel nature-inspired search algorithm, which is called Galaxy-based Search Algorithm or GbSA. The proposed GbSA is a metaheuristic for continuous optimization. It resembles the spiral arms of some galaxies to search for the optimal thresholds. The GbSA also uses a modified Hill Climbing algorithm as a local search. The GbSA also utilizes chaos for improving its performance, which is implemented by the logistic map. Experimental results show that the GbSA finds the optimal or very near optimal thresholds in all runs of the algorithm.[...] Read more.
This paper examines single input single output (SISO) chattering free variable structure control (VSC) which controller coefficient is on-line tuned by fuzzy backstepping algorithm to control of continuum robot manipulator. Variable structure methodology is selected as a framework to construct the control law and address the stability and robustness of the close loop system based on Lyapunove formulation. The main goal is to guarantee acceptable error result and adjust the trajectory following. The proposed approach effectively combines the design technique from variable structure controller is based on Lyapunov and modified Proportional plus Derivative (P+D) fuzzy estimator to estimate the nonlinearity of undefined system dynamic in backstepping controller. The input represents the function between variable structure function, error and the modified rate of error. The outputs represent joint torque, respectively. The fuzzy backstepping methodology is on-line tune the variable structure function based on adaptive methodology. The performance of the SISO VSC based on-line tuned by fuzzy backstepping algorithm (FBSAVSC) is validated through comparison with VSC. Simulation results signify good performance of trajectory in presence of uncertainty joint torque load.[...] Read more.
Now a day ration card is very important for every home and used for various field such as family members details, to get gas connection, it act as address proof for various purposes etc. All the people having a ration card to buy the various materials (sugar, rice, oil, kerosene, etc) from the ration shops. But in this system having two draw backs, first one is weight of the material may be inaccurate due to human mistakes and secondly, if not buy the materials at the end of the month, they will sale to others without any intimation to the government and customers. In this paper, proposed an Automatic Ration Materials Distribution Based on GSM (Global System for Mobile) and RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology instead of ration cards. To get the materials in ration shops need to show the RFID tag into the RFID reader, then controller check the customer codes and details of amounts in the card. After verification, these systems show the amount details. Then customer need to enter they required materials by using keyboard, after receiving materials controller send the information to government office and customer through GSM technology. In this system provides the materials automatically without help of humans.[...] Read more.
Medical image segmentation demands a segmentation algorithm which works against noise. The most popular algorithm used in image segmentation is Fuzzy C-Means clustering. It uses only intensity values for clustering which makes it highly sensitive to noise. The comparison of the three fundamental image segmentation methods based on fuzzy logic namely Fuzzy C-Means (FCM), Intuitionistic Fuzzy C-Means (IFCM), and Type-II Fuzzy C-Means (T2FCM) is presented in this paper. These algorithms are executed in two scenarios– both in the absence and in the presence of noise and on two kinds of images– Bacteria and CT scan brain image. In the bacteria image, clustering differentiates the bacteria from the background and in the brain CT scan image, clustering is used to identify the abnormality region. Performance is analyzed on the basis cluster validity functions, execution time and convergence rate. Misclassification error is also calculated for brain image analysis.[...] Read more.
Nuclear Power Plants are a complex system and need to be controlled very meticulously to avoid any catastrophe from occurring. The safety and availability of the power plant relies on the human operators both through their ability and reliability to ensure smooth and trouble-free plant operations. Training the operators on normal plant operation, maintenance, fault diagnosis and unforeseen emergencies in the plant helps reduce the latency period of the plant and thus increase the efficiency. Operator Training Simulator has become an indispensable entity in imparting hands on training to these operators. Development of process simulators calls for the process to be designed, modeled and implemented to replicate the real plant in steady state and transient conditions.[...] Read more.
In this paper THD (Total Harmonic Distortion) is analysed and compared by using UPFC in a multi-line transmission system of 500 KV having 5-buses in two different arrangements. The UPFC converters are arranged as a Diode Clamped multilevel Converter (DCMLC) that leads to the cost reduction as compared with other multi-level converters. The comparison has been done by both series zig-zag/2Y-2Δ and series zig-zag/4Y transformer configuration for 48-pulses GTO based diode clamped converter. The THD is reduced to 42.59% and 58.82% of input waveform at bus B2 by using series zig-zag/4Y transformer configuration. This transformer converter configuration also reduces the difficulty of designing the transformer winding ratio. For calculation of THD, FFT analysis is carried out using MATLAB.[...] Read more.
Enhancement the Performance of MANET (Mobile Ad-hoc Network) using spatial diversity. Spatial diversity implemented using cooperative transmission technique in Medium access control (MAC) layer level protocol. In noisy environment limit the network performance like coverage area, limit number of node, degrade packet transmission rate, increase packet loss rate etc. In this paper enhance the source to destination transmission range, minimize the packet loss, improve packet transmission rate and appropriate end to end delay. When direct link is fail to transmit packet then Cooperative scheme help to transmit packet. Cooperative scheme is to help the packet transmission with five handshakes instead of four. This scheme implemented in MANET network on MAC layer protocol. Cooperative scheme improve the performance with help of intermediate node between sources to destination. We are performance analysis using discrete simulator NS-2 in MANET. Our performance based on MAC layer level with cooperative scheme in IEEE WLAN standard CSMA/CA protocol.[...] Read more.
Scheduling is the process of improving the performance of a parallel and distributed system. Parallel systems are part of distributed systems. Parallel systems refers to the concept of run parallel jobs that can be run simultaneously on several processors. Load balancing and scheduling are very important and complex problems in multiprocessor systems. So that problems are an NP-Complete problems. In this paper, we introduce a method based on genetic algorithms for scheduling and laod balancing in parallel heterogeneous multi-processor systems. The results of the simulations indicate Genetic algorithm for scheduling at in systems is better than LPT, SPT and FIFO. Simualation results indicate Genetic Algorithm reduce total response time and also it increase utilization.[...] Read more.