Pooja U. Patravali

Work place: Department of Computer Science, School of Mathematics and Computing Sciences, Rani Channamma University, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

E-mail: pcdongare@gmail.com


Research Interests: Medical Image Computing, Image Processing, Pattern Recognition, Computer Vision, Computational Learning Theory, Medical Informatics


Mrs. Pooja U. Patravali is pursuing PhD programme in Computer Science at Rani Channamma University Belagavi, Karnataka, India. She received B.E degree in Computer Science from Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, Karnataka, India in 2007. She received M.Tech degree in Computer Science and Engineering from Karnataka State Open University, Mysuru, Karnataka, India in 2014 respectively. Her research interest includes Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, Medical Image Processing, Computer Vision and Machine Learning techniques.

Author Articles
Early Detection of Osteoarthritis based on Cartilage Thickness in Knee X-ray Images

By Shivanand S. Gornale Pooja U. Patravali P. S. Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2019.09.06, Pub. Date: 8 Sep. 2019

Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. There are numerous forms of Arthritis. Arthritis essentially causes joint dis-functioning which may further tend to cause deformity and disability. Osteoarthritis (OA) is one form of arthritis which is mostly seen in old age group. A patient suffering from OA needs to visit medical experts where clinical and radiographic examination is carried out. Analysis of bone structures in initial stage is bit complex. So any vague conclusion drawn from the radiographic images may make the treatment faulty and troublesome. Thus to overcome this we have developed an algorithm that computes the cartilage area/thickness using various shape descriptors. The computed descriptors obtained the accuracy of 99.81% for K-nearest neighbour classifier and 95.09% for decision tree classifier. The estimated cartilage thickness is validated by radiographic experts as per KL grading framework which will be helpful to the doctors for quick and appropriate analysis of ailment in the early stage. The results are competitive and promising as reported in the literature.

[...] Read more.
Study of Segmentation Techniques for Assessment of Osteoarthritis in Knee X-ray Images

By Shivanand S. Gornale Pooja U. Patravali Archana M. Uppin P. S. Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2019.02.06, Pub. Date: 8 Feb. 2019

Arthritis is one of the chronic joint disorders that have affected many lives including middle age and older age group. Arthritis exists in many forms and one among them is Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis affects the bigger joints like knee, hip, spine, feet etc. Early detection of Osteoarthritis is most essential if not treated properly may result in deformity. The researchers have become more concerned to detect the disorder in the early stage by merging their medical knowledge with machine vision approach in an appropriate way. The objective of this work is to study various segmentation techniques for the detection of Osteoarthritis in the early stage. The different segmentation technique like Sobel and Prewitt edge segmentation, Otsu’s method of segmentation and Texture based segmentation are used to carry out the experimentation. The different statistical features are computed, analyzed and classified. The accuracy rate of 91.16% for Sobel method, 96.80% for Otsu’s method, 94.92% for texture method and 97.55% for Prewitt method is obtained. The results are more promising and competitive which are validated by medical experts.

[...] Read more.
Determination of Osteoarthritis Using Histogram of Oriented Gradients and Multiclass SVM

By Shivanand S. Gornale Pooja U. Patravali Kiran S. Marathe P. S. Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2017.12.05, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2017

Knee Osteoarthritis is most ordinary kind of joint inflammation, which often occurs in one or both the knee joints. Osteoarthritis is additionally called as 'wear and tear' process of joint that results in dynamic disintegration of articular cartilage. Cartilage is smooth substantial layer that ensures movement to occur effortlessly. In Osteoarthritis, the cartilage is inclined towards the destruction as it loses elasticity and becomes brittle.
Osteoarthritis is regularly investigated from radiographic evaluation after clinical examination. In any case, a visual evaluation made by the restorative physician depends on experience that varies subjectively and is profoundly reliant on their experience. Subsequently, in order to make diagnostic process more systematic and reliable, evolution of imaging based analysis for early recognition of Osteoarthritis is required. The objective of this study is to develop a machine vision approach for investigation of Knee Osteoarthritis using region based and active shape model. The computation involves histogram of oriented gradient (HOG) method. The processed HOG elements are computed using multiclass SVM for evaluating Osteoarthritis based on Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) grading system. The classification rate of 97.96% for Grade-0, 92.85% for Grade-1, 86.20% for Grade-2, 100% for Grade-3 & Grade-4 is obtained. The results are promising and competitive which are validated by the medical experts.

[...] Read more.
Other Articles