P. S. Hiremath

Work place: Department of Computer Science (MCA), KLE Technological University, Karnataka, India

E-mail: hiremathps53@yahoo.com

Website: https://scholar.google.co.in/citations?user=WSm2X3cAAAAJ&hl=en

Research Interests: Pattern Recognition, Image Manipulation, Computer Networks, Image Processing


Dr. P. S. Hiremath was born in May 1952, and has obtained Ph.D. (1978) in Applied Mathematics and M.Sc. (1973) in Applied Mathematics, from Karnataka University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India. He had been in the Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science of various institutions in India, namely, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal (1977-79), Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore (1979- 80), National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirapalli (1980-86), Karnataka University, Dharwad (1986-1993) and has been presently working as Professor of Computer Science in Gulbarga University, Gulbarga (1993 onwards). His research areas of interest are Computational Fluid Dynamics, Optimization Techniques, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, and Computer Networks. He has published 156 research papers in peer reviewed International Journals and Proceedings of International Conferences

Author Articles
Early Detection of Osteoarthritis based on Cartilage Thickness in Knee X-ray Images

By Shivanand S. Gornale Pooja U. Patravali P. S. Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2019.09.06, Pub. Date: 8 Sep. 2019

Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. There are numerous forms of Arthritis. Arthritis essentially causes joint dis-functioning which may further tend to cause deformity and disability. Osteoarthritis (OA) is one form of arthritis which is mostly seen in old age group. A patient suffering from OA needs to visit medical experts where clinical and radiographic examination is carried out. Analysis of bone structures in initial stage is bit complex. So any vague conclusion drawn from the radiographic images may make the treatment faulty and troublesome. Thus to overcome this we have developed an algorithm that computes the cartilage area/thickness using various shape descriptors. The computed descriptors obtained the accuracy of 99.81% for K-nearest neighbour classifier and 95.09% for decision tree classifier. The estimated cartilage thickness is validated by radiographic experts as per KL grading framework which will be helpful to the doctors for quick and appropriate analysis of ailment in the early stage. The results are competitive and promising as reported in the literature.

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Study of Segmentation Techniques for Assessment of Osteoarthritis in Knee X-ray Images

By Shivanand S. Gornale Pooja U. Patravali Archana M. Uppin P. S. Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2019.02.06, Pub. Date: 8 Feb. 2019

Arthritis is one of the chronic joint disorders that have affected many lives including middle age and older age group. Arthritis exists in many forms and one among them is Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis affects the bigger joints like knee, hip, spine, feet etc. Early detection of Osteoarthritis is most essential if not treated properly may result in deformity. The researchers have become more concerned to detect the disorder in the early stage by merging their medical knowledge with machine vision approach in an appropriate way. The objective of this work is to study various segmentation techniques for the detection of Osteoarthritis in the early stage. The different segmentation technique like Sobel and Prewitt edge segmentation, Otsu’s method of segmentation and Texture based segmentation are used to carry out the experimentation. The different statistical features are computed, analyzed and classified. The accuracy rate of 91.16% for Sobel method, 96.80% for Otsu’s method, 94.92% for texture method and 97.55% for Prewitt method is obtained. The results are more promising and competitive which are validated by medical experts.

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Galois Field-based Approach for Rotation and Scale Invariant Texture Classification

By Shivashankar S Medha Kudari P. S. Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2018.09.07, Pub. Date: 8 Sep. 2018

In this paper, a novel Galois Field-based approach is proposed for rotation and scale invariant texture classification. The commutative and associative properties of Galois Field addition operator are useful for accomplishing the rotation and scale invariance of texture representation. Firstly, the Galois field operator is constructed, which is applied to the input textural image. The normalized cumulative histogram is constructed for Galois Field operated image. The bin values of the histogram are considered as rotation and scale invariant texture features. The classification is performed using the K-Nearest Neighbour classifier. The experimental results of the proposed method are compared with that of Rotation Invariant Local Binary Pattern (RILBP) and Log-Polar transform methods. These results obtained using the proposed method are encouraging and show the possibility of classifying texture successfully irrespective of its rotation and scale.

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Determination of Osteoarthritis Using Histogram of Oriented Gradients and Multiclass SVM

By Shivanand S. Gornale Pooja U. Patravali Kiran S. Marathe P. S. Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2017.12.05, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2017

Knee Osteoarthritis is most ordinary kind of joint inflammation, which often occurs in one or both the knee joints. Osteoarthritis is additionally called as 'wear and tear' process of joint that results in dynamic disintegration of articular cartilage. Cartilage is smooth substantial layer that ensures movement to occur effortlessly. In Osteoarthritis, the cartilage is inclined towards the destruction as it loses elasticity and becomes brittle.
Osteoarthritis is regularly investigated from radiographic evaluation after clinical examination. In any case, a visual evaluation made by the restorative physician depends on experience that varies subjectively and is profoundly reliant on their experience. Subsequently, in order to make diagnostic process more systematic and reliable, evolution of imaging based analysis for early recognition of Osteoarthritis is required. The objective of this study is to develop a machine vision approach for investigation of Knee Osteoarthritis using region based and active shape model. The computation involves histogram of oriented gradient (HOG) method. The processed HOG elements are computed using multiclass SVM for evaluating Osteoarthritis based on Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) grading system. The classification rate of 97.96% for Grade-0, 92.85% for Grade-1, 86.20% for Grade-2, 100% for Grade-3 & Grade-4 is obtained. The results are promising and competitive which are validated by the medical experts.

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Text Localization and Character Extraction in Natural Scene Images using Contourlet Transform and SVM Classifier

By Shivanand Seeri Jagadeesh D. Pujari P. S. Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2016.05.02, Pub. Date: 8 May 2016

The objective of this study is to propose a new method for text region localization and character extraction in natural scene images with complex background. In this paper, a hybrid methodology is suggested which extracts multilingual text from natural scene image with cluttered backgrounds. The proposed approach involves four steps. First, potential text regions in an image are extracted based on edge features using Contourlet transform. In the second step, potential text regions are tested for text content or non-text using GLCM features and SVM classifier. In the third step, detection of multiple lines in localized text regions is done and line segmentation is performed using horizontal profiles. In the last step, each character of the segmented line is extracted using vertical profiles. The experimentation has been done using images drawn from own dataset and ICDAR dataset. The performance is measured in terms of the precision and recall. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, which can be used as an efficient method for text recognition in natural scene images.

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3D Face Recognition based on Radon Transform, PCA, LDA using KNN and SVM

By P. S. Hiremath Manjunatha Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2014.07.05, Pub. Date: 8 Jun. 2014

Biometrics (or biometric authentication) refers to the identification of humans by their characteristics or traits. Bio-metrics is used in computer science as a form of identification and access control. It is also used to identify individuals in groups that are under surveillance. Biometric identifiers are the distinctive, measurable characteristics used to label and describe individuals. Three dimensional (3D) human face recognition is emerging as a significant biometric technology. Research interest into 3D face recognition has increased during recent years due to the availability of improved 3D acquisition devices and processing algorithms. Three dimensional face recognition also helps to resolve some of the issues associated with two dimensional (2D) face recognition. In the previous research works, there are several methods for face recognition using range images that are limited to the data acquisition and pre-processing stage only. In the present paper, we have proposed a 3D face recognition algorithm which is based on Radon transform, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA). The Radon transform (RT) is a fundamental tool to normalize 3D range data. The PCA is used to reduce the dimensionality of feature space, and the LDA is used to optimize the features, which are finally used to recognize the faces. The experimentation has been done using three publicly available databases, namely, Bhosphorus, Texas and CASIA 3D face databases. The experimental results are shown that the proposed algorithm is efficient in terms of accuracy and detection time, in comparison with other methods based on PCA only and RT+PCA. It is observed that 40 Eigen faces of PCA and 5 LDA components lead to an average recognition rate of 99.20% using SVM classifier.

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Depth and Intensity Gabor Features Based 3D Face Recognition Using Symbolic LDA and AdaBoost

By P. S. Hiremath Manjunatha Hiremath

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2014.01.05, Pub. Date: 8 Nov. 2013

In this paper, the objective is to investigate what contributions depth and intensity information make to the solution of face recognition problem when expression and pose variations are taken into account, and a novel system is proposed for combining depth and intensity information in order to improve face recognition performance. In the proposed approach, local features based on Gabor wavelets are extracted from depth and intensity images, which are obtained from 3D data after fine alignment. Then a novel hierarchical selecting scheme embedded in symbolic linear discriminant analysis (Symbolic LDA) with AdaBoost learning is proposed to select the most effective and robust features and to construct a strong classifier. Experiments are performed on the three datasets, namely, Texas 3D face database, Bhosphorus 3D face database and CASIA 3D face database, which contain face images with complex variations, including expressions, poses and longtime lapses between two scans. The experimental results demonstrate the enhanced effectiveness in the performance of the proposed method. Since most of the design processes are performed automatically, the proposed approach leads to a potential prototype design of an automatic face recognition system based on the combination of the depth and intensity information in face images.

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