Samia Rafique

Work place: Govt. College Women University, Sialkot, Pakistan



Research Interests: Computational Engineering, Engineering


Samia Rafique was born in Sialkot, Pakistan in 1990. She has been a lecturer of Information Technology at the Govt. College Women University, Sialkot, Pakistan and member of the Quality Assurance committee since Jan 2017. She did her BS in Information Technology from Punjab University, Gujranwala Campus and her Masters in Software Engineering from International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan and has her expertise in Requirement Elicitation Techniques in Different Situations of Software Development. Additionally, she has supervised numerous web-based industrial projects.

Author Articles
Value-Risk Analysis of Crowdsourcing in Pakistanā€˜s Perspective

By Muhammad Saady Qurat ul Ain Sidra Anwar Sadia Anayat Samia Rafique

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Apr. 2021

The benefits of crowdsourcing are enabled by open environments where multiple external stakeholders contribute to a firm's outcomes. In recent years, crowdsourcing has emerged as a distributed model of problem-solving and market development. Here, model assignments are assigned to networked individuals to complete so that the manufacturing expense of a business can be minimized considerably. The main objective of this research is to develop a methodology which will capture the value generation process in the presence of uncertainties (Risk factors) in crowdsourcing context. This study is designed to make an important contribution to the field of practice and knowledge. Value-Risk Analysis of crowd souring is one of the under studies Worldwide, especially in Pakistan. Provided the need, we have discussed the crowdsourcing as business process and presented an understanding of the risks associated with crowdsourcing use and possible strategies that can be used to maximize the value and minimize the identified risks.
For the better understanding of crowdsourcing practices in Pakistan, three case studies were conducted based on three well reputed organizations of Pakistan and results gathered to help understand its practices, some of the risks associated with it and how they manage those risks.

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