Shivraj Dagadi

Work place: Department of Embedded Systems, CDAC Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India



Research Interests: Computer Networks


Shivraj Dagadi has 2 years of experience in industry. He received his B.E in computer science and engineering from MBM Engineering College, Jodhpur. Presently he is working as a Technical Officer in Embedded Systems department, CDAC, Noida. His research interests include Wireless Sensor Networks.

Author Articles
An Ingenious Wireless Home Security System and Protocol based upon Multi-hop 802.15.4 standard, Magnetic contact and PIR sensor

By Ulya Sabeel Nidhi Chandra Shivraj Dagadi

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jul. 2013

Security is the major part of home automation systems for the people. With the development of network and automatic control technology, a home security monitoring and alarming system becomes more and more practicable today. In this paper we have proposed simple, low cost, low power consumption and a novel method for implementing the home security using Zigbee (802.15.4) standard and also a security protocol for detecting and localizing identity based attacks in the system. We have named our scheme as Wireless Home Security System (WHSS) and protocol as Wireless Home Security Protocol (WHSP). It consists of many sensor nodes deployed in the rooms as well as the doors/ windows of the house together with the zigbee modules which act as end devices that monitor continuously and send the security status of each room to the coordinator node connected to a PC which acts as the master. The communication in this case is multi-hop which provides unlimited range. Here we have used the XBEE Pro series1 (XBP24-AWI-001) radios for RF communication, DYP-ME003 PIR sensor, and Contact Door / window sensor based on magnetic reed switch (ORD221).The hardware implementation has been tested for validation successfully. The software has been implemented using C#. Also the performance of our proposed security protocol has been analysed using NS2 and is found to be satisfactory.

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ERPWS: An Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Conductive Sensor based Water Level Monitoring and Control System using Zigbee and 74HC14 Inverter

By Saima Maqbool Nidhi Chandra Shivraj Dagadi

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jun. 2013

In this paper we have shown how to use conductive sensor, Zigbee and 74HC14 Inverter to monitor the water level and to control the working of pump. This project is designed to automatically fill the over head tank when it gets empty and monitor the water level in it. The motor is switched ON when the water level in the overhead tank drops below a pre fixed low level (on point) and puts off the motor when water level rises up to pre fixed high level (off point).The motor is also switched off during the following conditions: when the sump water is exhausted before filling overhead tank, pump running dry, mains voltage fluctuations. We also introduce an energy efficient routing protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks (ERPWS) for Conductive Sensor based Water Level Monitoring and Control System using Zigbee (XBEE 802.15.4) in terms of energy consumptions, the packet loss ratio, network lifetime and the average delivery delay. The XBEE used here is XBEE Pro Series 1(XBP24-AWI-001) and IC used is 74HC14 Hex Inverting Schmitt trigger. Simulation results have been obtained by using NS2 simulator. The evaluation results show that the energy consumption of routing using ERPWS is significantly lower than LEACH and traditional routing protocols.

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