ERPWS: An Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Conductive Sensor based Water Level Monitoring and Control System using Zigbee and 74HC14 Inverter

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Saima Maqbool 1,* Nidhi Chandra 1 Shivraj Dagadi 2

1. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Noida, Utter Pradesh, India

2. Department of Embedded Systems, CDAC Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 20 Jan. 2013 / Revised: 26 Mar. 2013 / Accepted: 3 May 2013 / Published: 8 Jun. 2013

Index Terms

Wireless sensor networks, Water Level, Xbee, Routing Protocol, Energy, Conductive Sensor, 74HC14 Inverter, NS2 Simulator.


In this paper we have shown how to use conductive sensor, Zigbee and 74HC14 Inverter to monitor the water level and to control the working of pump. This project is designed to automatically fill the over head tank when it gets empty and monitor the water level in it. The motor is switched ON when the water level in the overhead tank drops below a pre fixed low level (on point) and puts off the motor when water level rises up to pre fixed high level (off point).The motor is also switched off during the following conditions: when the sump water is exhausted before filling overhead tank, pump running dry, mains voltage fluctuations. We also introduce an energy efficient routing protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks (ERPWS) for Conductive Sensor based Water Level Monitoring and Control System using Zigbee (XBEE 802.15.4) in terms of energy consumptions, the packet loss ratio, network lifetime and the average delivery delay. The XBEE used here is XBEE Pro Series 1(XBP24-AWI-001) and IC used is 74HC14 Hex Inverting Schmitt trigger. Simulation results have been obtained by using NS2 simulator. The evaluation results show that the energy consumption of routing using ERPWS is significantly lower than LEACH and traditional routing protocols.

Cite This Paper

Saima Maqbool, Nidhi Chandra, Shivraj Dagadi, "ERPWS: An Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Conductive Sensor based Water Level Monitoring and Control System using Zigbee and 74HC14 Inverter", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science (IJMECS), vol.5, no.6, pp.31-41, 2013. DOI:10.5815/ijmecs.2013.06.05


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