Muhammad Bashir Ibrahim

Work place: Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry ,Faculty of Physical Sciences, Bayero University, P.M.B. 3011 BUK, Kano. Nigeria



Research Interests: Chemistry & Materials Science


Muhammad Bashir Ibrahim is an energetic professor of physical chemistry currently working with Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. He has over 25 years’ experience in teaching and Research. He is member of professional bodies like the Chemical Society of Nigeria (CSN) and Institute of Chartered Chemist of Nigeria (ICCON). He has over 50 scholarly publications in reputable journals. His area of research interest include wastewater treatment, corrosion control and biophysical researches of bio-macromolecules.

Author Articles
Adsorptive Removal of Basic Dyes and Hexavalent Chromium from Synthetic Industrial Effluent: Adsorbent Screening, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies

By Umar Yunusa Bishir Usman Muhammad Bashir Ibrahim

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Aug. 2020

The feasibility of utilizing an abundant agricultural waste (desert date seed shell) as an alternative low-cost adsorbent for the removal of hazardous basic dyes [crystal violet (CV) and malachite green (MG)] and hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] from synthetic industrial effluent was investigated. Five different adsorbents including the raw, carbonized and chemically activated carbons were prepared and screened with respect to adsorption efficiency of the chosen adsorbates. The prepared adsorbents were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and pH of zero point charge (pHzpc) analyses. The effects of operational variables such as solution pH, contact time and temperature on adsorption have been investigated. The removal of the adsorbates was found to be highly pH-dependent and the optimum pH was determined as 8.0 for the dyes and 2.0 for hexavalent chromium. The screening results revealed that the NaOH activated carbon (NAC) has the best adsorption characteristics with removal efficiencies of 91.10, 99.15 and 91.5 % for CV, MG and Cr(VI), respectively. The process dynamics was evaluated by pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models. Experimental data have been found to be well in line with the pseudo-second-order model, suggesting therefore, a chemically-based sorption process. Negative Gibbs free energy change (∆G) values obtained from thermodynamic analysis indicated that the adsorption process was spontaneous and had a high feasibility. Positive values for enthalpy change (∆H) showed that the removal process was endothermic, implying that the amount of adsorbate adsorbed increased with increasing reaction temperatures. Additionally, positive values of entropy change (∆S) reflect the high affinity of the adsorbent material to the adsorbates. On the basis of results and their analyses, it has been established that adsorbent derived from desert date seed shell has a promising potential in environmental applications such as removing hazardous substances from industrial effluents. Through this work, it is believed that contributions are provided to the scientific investigations about the decontamination of precious water resources.

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Equilibrium and Thermodynamic Studies on Adsorption of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solution onto Low Cost Activated Carbon

By Umar Yunusa Muhammad Bashir Ibrahim

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Apr. 2020

The removal of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is a challenging task due to its acute toxicity even at low concentration. In the present study, a low-cost activated carbon (LAC) was prepared from desert date seed shell by chemical activation with H3PO4 and utilized for the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution. Batch experiments were conducted to investigate the influence of operating variables such as pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage, initial concentration, co-existing ions and temperature. The amount of Cr(VI) adsorbed was found to vary with solution pH and maximum adsorption was observed at a pH value of 2.0. The extent of chromium uptake (mg g-1) was found to increase with increase in initial concentration and contact time. The applicability of the four isotherm models for the present equilibrium data follows the sequence: Freundlich > Temkin > Langmuir > Dubinin-Radushkevich. The mean free energy from the Duninin-Radushkevic isotherm model hinted that the adsorption of Cr(VI) onto the adsorbent surface follows physisorption mechanism. Thermodynamic parameters related to adsorption, Gibbs free energy change (∆G°), enthalpy change (∆H°), entropy change (∆S°), were also calculated and the negative value of ∆H° indicates the exothermic nature of the adsorption process. The considerable adsorption capacity of 99.09 mg g-1 is a signifier of the suitability of the prepared adsorbent for commercial application. The findings implicated that the adsorbent can be employed in the treatment of Cr-bearing water and wastewater.

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Investigation of Inhibition Potential Effect of Organic Compound for the Corrosivity of Phosphoric Acid on Aluminium

By Musa Husaini Muhammad Bashir Ibrahim

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Feb. 2020

The organic compound used as corrosion inhibitor was benzaldehyde. The use of organic compounds as corrosion inhibitors is of potential interest due to their abundant availability, cost effectiveness, and environmental acceptability. However, this study investigates the inhibition effect of this organic compound (benzaldehyde) on the corrosion of aluminium in phosphoric acid solution. Experiments were performed by varying the temperature and concentration of the compound under study. The results obtained from the study shows that the organic compound (benzaldehyde) is a potential inhibitor for the corrosion of aluminium in phosphoric acid solution. The inhibition efficiency was found to increases progressively as the concentration of the inhibitor increases but decreases when the temperature rises. Activation energy values for the corrosion process was found to be 32.61 kJ/mol in uninhibited phosphoric acid solution which increased to 49.53 kJ/mol in the presence 0.1 M concentration of the inhibitor. The values of the rate constant and half live were 9.12 × 10-3 hr-1 and 75.94 hr in uninhibited phosphoric acid solution which changed to 4.56× 10-3 and 151.80 hr in the presence of 0.1 M inhibitor concentration. Kinetics of the reaction in uninhibited and in the presence of the inhibitor revealed that the process follows a first order reaction. The evaluated enthalpy (ΔH) gave positive values which indicate that the heat of adsorption process on the surface of aluminum was endothermic. The negative values of entropy (ΔS) signified that the activated complex at the rate determining step is an association, not dissociation. Evaluated values of free energy of adsorption (ΔGads) were all negative, implying spontaneity of the process and were around and less than -20 kJ/mol, indicative of physisorption of the adsorption process.

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Thermodyamic and Kietic Study on the Corrosion of Aluminium in Hydrochloric Acid using Benzaldehyde as Corrosion Inhibitor

By Musa Husaini Muhammad Bashir Ibrahim

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Nov. 2019

The inhibition of the corrosion of aluminium by benzaldehyde in 1.4 M HCl was investigated using weight loss method and characterized by FT-IR analysis. The results showed that the corrosion rate of aluminium in 1.4 M HCl decreases with increase in concentration of the inhibitor. The inhibition efficiency increases progressively as the concentration of the inhibitor increases. Effects of temperature on the inhibition efficiency of the inhibitor showed that inhibition efficiency decreases with increase in temperature. The value of activation energy (Ea) was found to be 20.55 Kjmol-1 for aluminium corrosion in 1.4 M HCl which was increased to 34.49 Kjmol-1 in the presence of 0.1 M inhibitor concentration. The calculated values for enthalpy of activation (ΔHa) were all positive indicating the endothermic nature of the aluminium dissolution process. The obtained values of Gibbs free energy (ΔGads) was in the range of -17.94 to -18.27 kJ mol-1. Kinetics of the reaction in the presence of the inhibitor revealed that it follows a first order reaction. The value of rate constant (k) was reduced from uninhibited acid to the inhibited acid solution, while the half-life values in the presence of the inhibitor were higher compared to the value in uninhibited acid solution suggesting that inhibition efficiency increases with increase in the concentration of the inhibitor.

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