Work place: Bio-intelligence Lab, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, PresidencyUniversity, Itkalpur, Rajanukunte, Bengaluru
Research Interests: Image Manipulation, Machine Learning
Praveena K N is Assistant Professor in Department of Computer Science and Engineering at presidency university, Bengaluru. She is pursuing PhD degree in Computer Science and Engineering with specialization in Machine learning. Her research areas are machine learning, image analysis.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2023.06.06, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2023
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental syndrome which cannot be curable but can be predicted in early stage. Early prediction and cure may help to diagnose the autism. In existing methods, prediction of best feature is not identified for detecting the autism in early stage. In this proposed research, prediction of ASD has been done by identifying the best feature transformation technique with best ML classifier and finding out the most significant feature for diagnosis of autism in early age. Early-detected ASD datasets pertaining to toddler and child are collected and applied few Feature transformation techniques, comprising log, power-box-cox and yeo-Johnson transformations to these datasets. Then, using these ASD datasets, several classification approaches were applied, and their efficiency was evaluated. Adaboost given 100% accuracy for toddler dataset and whereas, Random forest showed 98.3% accuracy for child datasets. The feature transformations ensuing the best prediction was Log, Power- Box cox and Yeo-Johnson Transformation for toddler and Log transformation for children datasets. After these exploration, various feature selection techniques like univariate (UNI) and recursive feature elimination (RFE) are applied to these transformed datasets to recognize the most significant ASD risk feature to predict the autism in early stage for toddler and child data. It is found that A5 feature is most significant feature for toddler, A4 stands most significant feature for child based on univariate and RFE. This benefits the doctor to provide the suitable diagnosis in their early stage of life. The results of these logical methodologies show that ML methods can yield precise predictions of ASD when they are accurately optimised. This shows that using these models for early ASD detection may be feasible.[...] Read more.
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