Work place: School of Biomedical Engineering, International University, Vietnam National University HCM City, HCM City, Vietnam
Ngoc-Bich Le received his B.S. degrees at Bach Khoa University, Vietnam, and his Master's and Ph.D. in Mechatronics Science from Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology – Taiwan in 2004, 2007, and 2010, respectively. He is currently a full-time lecturer in the School of Biomedical Engineering, International University, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. He published several papers in preferred Journals such as J. Biomedical Microdevices, J. Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, J. Sensors and Actuators, and many Vietnamese Engineering Books in automation, CAD, and mold design. He also presented various academic as well as research-based papers at several national and international conferences. His articles focus on Medical devices, MEMs, Microfluidics, Robotics, and AI.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijisa.2024.01.03, Pub. Date: 8 Feb. 2024
Research efforts in the prediction of stroke and diabetes prioritize early detection in order to enhance patient outcomes. To achieve this, a variety of methodologies are integrated. Existing studies, on the other hand, are marred by imbalanced datasets, lack of diversity in their datasets, potential bias, and inadequate model comparisons; these flaws underscore the necessity for more comprehensive and inclusive research methodologies. This paper provides a thorough assessment of machine learning algorithms in the context of early detection and diagnosis of stroke and diabetes. The research employed widely used algorithms, including Logistic Regression, Decision Tree, Random Forest, K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN), and XGBoost Classifier, to examine medical data and derive significant findings. The XGBoost Classifier demonstrated superior performance, with an outstanding accuracy, precision, recall, and F1-score of 87.5%. The comparative examination of the algorithms indicated that the Decision Tree, Random Forest, and XGBoost classifiers consistently exhibited strong performance across all measures. The models demonstrated impressive discrimination capabilities, with the XGBoost Classifier and Random Forest reaching accuracy rates of roughly 87.5% and 86.5% respectively. The Decision Tree Classifier exhibited notable performance, with an accuracy rate of 83%. The overall accuracy of the models was evident in the F1-score, a metric that incorporates recall and precision, where the XGBoost model exhibited a marginal improvement of 2% over the Random Forest and Decision Tree models, and 4.25 percent over the last two. The aforementioned results underscore the effectiveness of the XGBoost Classifier, which will be employed as a predictive model in this study, alongside the Random Forest and Decision Tree models, for the accurate identification of stroke and diabetes. Furthermore, combining datasets improves model performance by utilizing relative features. This integrated dataset improves the model's efficiency and creates a resilient and comprehensive prediction model, improving healthcare outcomes. The findings of this research make a valuable contribution to the advancement of AI-driven diagnostic systems, hence enhancing the quality of healthcare decision-making.[...] Read more.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2023.06.02, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2023
Large Language Models (LLMs) have received significant attention due to their potential to transform the field of education and assessment through the provision of automated responses to a diverse range of inquiries. The objective of this research is to examine the efficacy of three LLMs - ChatGPT, BingChat, and Bard - in relation to their performance on the Vietnamese High School Biology Examination dataset. This dataset consists of a wide range of biology questions that vary in difficulty and context. By conducting a thorough analysis, we are able to reveal the merits and drawbacks of each LLM, thereby providing valuable insights for their successful incorporation into educational platforms. This study examines the proficiency of LLMs in various levels of questioning, namely Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, and High Application. The findings of the study reveal complex and subtle patterns in performance. The versatility of ChatGPT is evident as it showcases potential across multiple levels. Nevertheless, it encounters difficulties in maintaining consistency and effectively addressing complex application queries. BingChat and Bard demonstrate strong performance in tasks related to factual recall, comprehension, and interpretation, indicating their effectiveness in facilitating fundamental learning. Additional investigation encompasses educational environments. The analysis indicates that the utilization of BingChat and Bard has the potential to augment factual and comprehension learning experiences. However, it is crucial to acknowledge the indispensable significance of human expertise in tackling complex application inquiries. The research conducted emphasizes the importance of adopting a well-rounded approach to the integration of LLMs, taking into account their capabilities while also recognizing their limitations. The refinement of LLM capabilities and the resolution of challenges in addressing advanced application scenarios can be achieved through collaboration among educators, developers, and AI researchers.[...] Read more.
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