Awatef Hashbal

Work place: King Abdulaziz University, Department of Information Systems, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia



Research Interests: Computational Learning Theory, Data Structures and Algorithms


Awatef Hashbal Zarra got her bachelor degree in 2010 from King Khalid University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. She worked as a Teaching Assistant since 2011 in King Khalid University. She was quality coordinator of Information System Department for two years. She has a great interest in the field of big data analytics as well as e-learning and she created King Khalid University in Second Life (SL) virtual environment in 2010. During 2016, she will finish her Master degree from King Abdulaziz University.

Author Articles
Development of Infection Control Surveillance System for Intensive Care Unit: Data Requirements and Guidelines

By Manal Abumelha Awatef Hashbal Farrukh Nadeem Naif Aljohani

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jun. 2016

Surveillance systems are useful in the identification of patients that contract infections during their hospitalization period. Despite still being at infancy, electronic information control surveillance systems for Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) are improving and becoming more commonplace as the acceptance levels rise. There are crucial gaps in existing knowledge concerning the best ways for implementing electronic surveillance systems especially in the context of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). To bridge this gap, the aim of this paper was to provide a comprehensive review of various electronic surveillance approaches and to highlight the requisite data components and offer guidelines. This review revealed denominator, numerator, and discrete data requirements and guidelines for the surveillance of four main ICU HAIs, including Central Line–Associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI), Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) and Ventilator-Associated Conditions/Events (VACs/VAEs).

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Other Articles