Muhammad Ali Masood

Work place: Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technologies, Islamabad, Pakistan.



Research Interests: Computational Science and Engineering, Computational Engineering, Software Construction, Software Development Process, Software Engineering


Muhammad Ali Masood obtained Master’s degree in Business Administration with specialization in Human Resource Management from National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad in 2005 and Computer Science with specialization in Software Engineering from University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi in 2001. In 2014, he has completed his Masters of Science degree with specialization in Software Engineering from Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technologies, Islamabad. Currently he is serving in National Information Technology Board (Ministry of Information Technology, Islamabad) as Project Director (HMIS). Mr. Masood is a certified Project Manager and has obtained his PMP certification with good standing in 2010.

Author Articles
Clustering Techniques in Bioinformatics

By Muhammad Ali Masood M. N. A. Khan

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jan. 2015

Dealing with data means to group information into a set of categories either in order to learn new artifacts or understand new domains. For this purpose researchers have always looked for the hidden patterns in data that can be defined and compared with other known notions based on the similarity or dissimilarity of their attributes according to well-defined rules. Data mining, having the tools of data classification and data clustering, is one of the most powerful techniques to deal with data in such a manner that it can help researchers identify the required information. As a step forward to address this challenge, experts have utilized clustering techniques as a mean of exploring hidden structure and patterns in underlying data. Improved stability, robustness and accuracy of unsupervised data classification in many fields including pattern recognition, machine learning, information retrieval, image analysis and bioinformatics, clustering has proven itself as a reliable tool. To identify the clusters in datasets algorithm are utilized to partition data set into several groups based on the similarity within a group. There is no specific clustering algorithm, but various algorithms are utilized based on domain of data that constitutes a cluster and the level of efficiency required. Clustering techniques are categorized based upon different approaches. This paper is a survey of few clustering techniques out of many in data mining. For the purpose five of the most common clustering techniques out of many have been discussed. The clustering techniques which have been surveyed are: K-medoids, K-means, Fuzzy C-means, Density-Based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise (DBSCAN) and Self-Organizing Map (SOM) clustering.

[...] Read more.
Other Articles