Basavaraj S. Anami

Work place: K.L.E. Institute of Technology, Hubli 580030, Karnataka, India



Research Interests: Image Processing, Natural Language Processing, Machine Learning, Knowledge Management


Dr. Basavaraj S. Anami, is presently working as Principal, K. L. E. Institute Of Technology. Hubli, Karnataka, India. He completed his Bachelor of Engineering in Electrical Stream in the year November 1981 then M.Tech in Computer Science at IIT Madras in the year March 1986. Later he received his Doctrine(PhD) in Computer Science at University of Mysore in the year January 2003. He worked as faculty of Electrical Department, Basaveswar Engineering College, Bagalkot(1983-1985),then he was Head of department of Computer Science and Engineering in the same college(1985-2008). At present he is principal of K.L.E. Institute of Technology,Hubli. His research areas of interest are Design and development of expert system, Machine learning, Image Processing in Agriculture, Horticulture and Food processing. He has published 50 research papers in peer reviewed International Journals and conferences.

Author Articles
Chilli Dryness and Ripening Stages Assessment Using Machine Vision

By Mahantesh Sajjan Lingangouda Kulkarni Basavaraj S. Anami Nijagunadev B. Gaddagimath Liset Sulay Rodriguez Baca

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2023

The quality of chilli is prime concern for farmers, traders and chilli processing industries. The effective determination of chilli dryness and ripening stages are important factors in determining its quality and chilli shelf life with respect to manual estimation of ripening/dryness that are complex and time consuming. Chilli dryness and ripeness prediction at post-harvest stage by non-destructive machine vision technologies have potential of fair valuation for chilli produce for the chilli stalk holders. Chilli pericarp color values calculated from RGB, HSV and CIE-L*a*b* color space, texture properties using edge-wrinkles parameters are described by histogram of oriented gradients (HOG). LDA(linear discriminant analysis), RF(random-forest) and SVM(support vector machine) classifiers are analysed for performance accuracy for chilli dryness identification and chilli ripening stages using the machine vision. The chilli dryness identification accuracies of 83%, 85.4% and 83.5% are achieved using chilli color and HOG features with LDA, Random Forest and SVM classifiers respectively. Chilli ripening stage identification with combined chilli feature set of {color, HOG, SURF and LBP} using Support Vector Machine (SVM) average classifier accuracy is 90.56% across four chilli ripening stages. This work is simple with rapid, intelligent and high accuracy of chilli dryness and ripening identification by using machine vision approach has prospect in real-time chilli quality monitoring and grading. The results yielded were promising quality measurements compared previous studies.

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ANN Approach for Classification of Different Origin Fabric Images

By Basavaraj S. Anami Mahantesh C. Elemmi

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2019

This paper focuses on classification of varieties of plants’, animals’ and minerals’ origin fabric materials from images. The morphological operations, namely, erosion and dilation are used. ANN classifier is used to predict the classification rates and the rates of 89%, 87% and 88% are obtained for plants’, animals’ and minerals’ origin fabric images respectively. The overall classification rate of 88% is obtained. 

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Automated Paddy Variety Recognition from Color-Related Plant Agro-Morphological Characteristics

By Basavaraj S. Anami Naveen N. M. Surendra P.

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jan. 2019

The paper presents an image-based paddy plant variety recognition system to recognize 15 different paddy plant varieties using 18 color-related agro-morphological characteristics. The k-means color clustering method has been used to segment the target regions in the paddy plant images. The RGB, HSI and YCbCr color models have been employed to construct color feature vectors from the segmented images and the feature vectors are reduced using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) technique. The reduced color feature vectors are used as input to back propagation neural network (BPNN) and support vector machine (SVM). The set of six combined agro-morphological characteristics recorded during maturity growth stage has given the highest average paddy plant variety recognition accuracies of 91.20% and 86.33% using the BPNN and SVM classifiers respectively. The work finds application in developing a tool for assisting botanists, Rice scientists, plant breeders, and certification agencies.

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Comparative Study of Certain Classifiers for Variety Classification of Certain Thin and Thick Fabric Images

By Basavaraj S. Anami Mahantesh C. Elemmi

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jan. 2019

The proposed work gives a comparative study of three different classifiers, namely, decision tree (DT), support vector machine (SVM) and artificial neural network (ANN) for variety classification of certain thin and thick fabric images. The textural features are used in the work. The overall classification rates of 85%, 86% and 94% are obtained for DT, SVM and ANN classifiers respectively. Better results for varieties of thick fabric images are obtained compared to the varieties of thin fabric images. Further, the ANN classifier has given good classification rate than DT and SVM classifiers. But, it is also observed that, DT classifier gives better results in case of varieties of thick fabric images. The work finds applications in apparel industry, cost estimation, setting the washing time, fashion design etc.

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A Neural Network Based Recognition and Classification of Commonly Used Indian Non Leafy Vegetables

By Ajit Danti Manohar Madgi Basavaraj S. Anami

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Sep. 2014

A methodology to characterize the commonly used Indian non-leafy vegetables’ images is developed. From the captured images of Indian non-leafy vegetables, color components, namely, RGB and HSV features are extracted, analyzed and classified. A feed forward backpropagation artificial neural network (BPNN) is used for the classification. The results show that it has good robustness and a very high success rate in the range of 96-100% for eight types of vegetables. The work finds usefulness in developing recognition system for super market, automatic vending, packing and grading of vegetables, food preparation and Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC).

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Acoustic Signal Based Fault Detection in Motorcycles – A Comparative Study of Classifiers

By Basavaraj S. Anami Veerappa B. Pagi

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jan. 2013

The sound patterns generated by the vehicles give a clue of the health conditions. The paper presents the fault detection of motorcycles based on the acoustic signals. Simple temporal and spectral features are used as input to four types of classifiers, namely, dynamic time warping (DTW), artificial neural network (ANN), k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) and support vector machine (SVM), for a suitability study in automatic fault detection. Amongst these classifiers the k-NN is found to be simple and suitable for this work. The overall classification accuracy exhibited by k-NN classifier is over 90%. The work finds applications in automatic surveillance, detection of non-compliance with traffic rules, identification of unlawful mixture of fuel, detection of over-aged vehicles on road, vehicle fault diagnosis and the like.

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Color and Edge Histograms Based Medicinal Plants' Image Retrieval

By Basavaraj S. Anami Suvarna S Nandyal A Govardhan

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Aug. 2012

In this paper, we propose a methodology for color and edge histogram based medicinal plants image retrieval. The medicinal plants are divided into herbs, shrubs and trees. The medicinal plants are used in ayurvedic medicines. Manual identification of medicinal plants requires a priori knowledge. Automatic recognition of medicinal plants is useful. We have considered medicinal plant species, such as Papaya, Neem, Tulasi and Aloevera are considered for identification and retrieval. The color histograms are obtained in RGB, HSV and YCbCr color spaces. The number of valleys and peaks in the color histograms are used as features. But, these features alone are not helpful in discriminating plant images, since majority plant images are green in color. We have used edge and edge direction histograms in the work to get edges in the stem and leafy parts. Finally, these features are used in retrieval of medicinal plant images. Absolute distance, Euclidean distance and mean square error, similarity distance measures are deployed in the work. The results show an average retrieval efficiency of 94% and 98% for edge and edge direction features respectively.

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