Ekhlas H. Karam

Work place: Computer Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

E-mail: ek_karam@yahoo.com


Research Interests: Combinatorial Optimization, Process Control System, Image Processing, Image Manipulation, Image Compression


Ekhlas H. Karam received the BSc in Computer Engineering from the Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq, the MSc in Control Engineering and the PhD in mechatronics engineering from University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq. She is an Assistant Professor with the Computer Engineering Department, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq. Her interested area: Robotic system, different controller design, optimization methods, image processing, FPGA.

Author Articles
Design of Model Free Sliding Mode Controller based on BBO Algorithm for Heart Rate Pacemaker

By Ekhlas H. Karam Tariq Tashan Eman F. Mohsin

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2019.03.05, Pub. Date: 8 Mar. 2019

A modified Model-Free Sliding Mode Controller (MF-SMC) scheme, which based on the Biogeography-Based Optimization (BBO) algorithm is suggested, to regulate the heart rate since it is difficult to derive a suitable model for the control algorithm, therefore the traditional control algorithm cannot perform efficiently. Also, a smoothing boundary layer is used to eliminate the chattering in the MF-SMC control signal. Results of simulation effort show that overshoot less and fast performance is achieved with stable convergence for the tracking regardless of the heart rate model to be controlled.

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