Bisma Bilal

Work place: Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra 182320, India



Research Interests: Automata Theory, Cellular Automata


Bisma Bilal received her B.Tech degree in electronics and communication engineering from Islamic University of Science and Technology, Jammu and Kashmir, India and completed the M.Tech degree in electronics and communication engineering at Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra, India in 2017. She is currently pursuing Ph.D. degree in electronics and communication engineering from National Institute of Technology Srinagar. Her research interests include Nanotechnology, Quantum Cellular Automata, analog and digital VLSI design and biomedical VLSI

Author Articles
An Insight into Beyond CMOS Next Generation Computing using Quantum-dot Cellular Automata Nanotechnology

By Bisma Bilal Suhaib Ahmed Vipan Kakkar

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jan. 2018

CMOS is a technology that has revolutionized the field of electronics. Over the time the processing technologies and design methodologies of CMOS devices have proved to be in full swing with the Moore’s law and the miniaturization paradigm. However, after surviving for more than five decades, CMOS is now facing challenges to live through the submicron ranges. The scaling in CMOS has reached a higher limit, showing adverse effects not only from physical and technological point of view but also from material and economical perspective. This drift inspires the researchers to look for new promising alternatives to CMOS which vow better performance, density and power consumption. One of the promising alternatives to digital designing in CMOS is the Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA). QCA is a technology that involves no current transfer but works on electronic interaction between the cells. The QCA cell basically consists of quantum dots separated by certain distance and the entire transmission of information occurs via the interaction between the electrons localized in these quantum dots. In this paper the limitations to CMOS in submicron range and concepts for designing in QCA have been discussed. Further the building blocks are explained theoretically as well as using QCA Designer implementations with focus on cell interaction and clocking mechanisms.

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Optimal Realization of Universality of Peres Gate Using Explicit Interaction of Cells in Quantum Dot Cellular Automata Nanotechnology

By Bisma Bilal Suhaib Ahmed Vipan Kakkar

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jun. 2017

The essence of the technology business lies in the improvements and advancements that are continuously taking place in the industry. From vacuum tubes, diodes and transistors to the concepts of nano level designing have by and large created a revolution in the history of mankind. The biggest milestone in this journey has been the CMOS technology which has managed to survive for decades and is still an ongoing research area. However, advancing the technology includes many other dimensions which need to be taken care of. As the devices go on decreasing in size with the improving technology the power dissipation in them becomes a major issue. To counter this, a new logic called reversible logic has come into the pool of research. Further a shift from the transistor based paradigm is being explored to go down to ultra-small structures. A major breakthrough in this can be the Quantum Dot Cellular Automata (QCA) Nanotechnology. In this paper we have given a review about how the reversible logic and QCA nanotechnology together result in ultra-low power designs. Further we have optimized the design of Peres reversible gate using the concepts of explicit interaction of cells in QCA and verified the universal functionality using the optimized designs.

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