Work place: Department of Computer Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Research Interests: Planning and Scheduling, Computer Architecture and Organization, Application Security, Information Security, Network Security, Combinatorial Optimization, Information-Theoretic Security
Elie T. FUTE is a lecturer in the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Dschang, Cameroon. He is currently Head of Computer Engineering Department at the University of Buea, Cameroon. His research works are focused on multi-agent patrolling, sensor networks and multi-sensor patrolling.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijcnis.2020.05.02, Pub. Date: 8 Oct. 2020
This paper introduces PREFAP, an approach to solve the multi-sensor patrolling problem in unknown environment. The multi-sensor patrolling problem consists in moving a set of sensors on a pre-set territory such that each part of this territory is visited by the sensor agents as often as possible. Eachsensor has a communicational radius and a sensory radius. indeed, optimal patrol can only be achieved if the duration between two visits of the same area of the environment is as minimal as possible. This time between two visits is called idleness. Thus, an effective patrol technique must make it possible to minimize idleness in the environment.That is why after a deep analysis of the existing resolution’s approaches, we propose a hybrid approach of resolution with three components: perception-reaction, field of strength and learning. In absence of obstacles, the perception-reaction component gives to the sensors a purely reactive behavior, as a function of their local perceptions, which permit them to move easily in their environment. The strength module enables the sensors to avoid the obstacles in the environment. As regards to the learning module, it allows the sensors to get out of blocking situations encountered during obstacle avoidance. This approach, called PREFAP, must be able to minimize idleness in different areas of the environment. The simulation results obtained show that the approach developed effectively minimizes idleness in the environment. This allows on the one hand, to have a regular patrol in the environment; on the other hand, thanks to the minimization of idleness of the areas of the environment, PREFAP will allow the sensors to quickly detect the various possible events which can occur in different areas of the environment.[...] Read more.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2019.02.01, Pub. Date: 8 Feb. 2019
Background subtraction plays an important role in intelligent video surveillance since it is one of the most used tools in motion detection. If scientific progress has enabled to develop sophisticated equipment for this task, algorithms used should be improved as well. For the past decade a background subtraction technique called ViBE is gaining the field. However, the original algorithm has two main drawbacks. The first one is ghost phenomenon which appears if the initial frame contains a moving object or in the case of a sudden change in the background situations. Secondly it fails to perform well in complicated background. This paper presents an efficient background subtraction approach based on ViBE to solve these two problems. It is based on an adaptive radius to deal with complex background, on cumulative mean and pixel counting mechanism to quickly eliminate the ghost phenomenon and to adapt to sudden change in the background model.[...] Read more.
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