K.Satya Prasad

Work place: Department of ECE, JNTU Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India

E-mail: chrambabuec41@gmail.com


Research Interests: Speech Synthesis, Speech Recognition, Image Processing, Image and Sound Processing, Image Manipulation, Image Compression, Neural Networks


Dr. K. Satya Prasad received B.Tech. (ECE) degree from JNT University, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India in 1977, M.E. (Communication systems) from University of Madras, India in 1979, Ph.D. from IIT-Madras, India in 1989. He has more than 35 years of experience in teaching and 20 years in R&D. His current research interests include Signals & Systems, Communications, Digital signal processing, RADAR and Telemetry. He

worked as Professor of Electronics & Communication Engineering & Former RECTOR, JNTUK and former Pro-Vice Chancellor, KLEF. At present he is professor of ECE and Rector, Vignan's Foundation for Science, Technology and Research (Deemed to be University), Vadlamudi,

Andhra Pradesh.

Author Articles
Multipath Cluster-based Hybrid MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

By Ch Rambabu V.V.K.D.V.Prasad K.Satya Prasad

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijwmt.2020.01.01, Pub. Date: 8 Feb. 2020

The WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) is the most appearing expertise that has potential applications broad ranges that include environment examining, smart spaces, medical systems, and robotic study. The efficient energy is a consideration of vital design for WSN. In WSNs, the collision is occurred due to data transmission from the sensor nodes and the traffic at SINK node is high due to the transmission of excess data by the sensor nodes. An important division of the consumption of resources in a WSN is managed by the mechanism of MAC (Medium Access Control). An existing MAC protocols initiated for the utilization of WSNs single channel for the transmission of data. This is basically because of the reality that efficient energy is measured to be the issue of essentiality in WSNs. A new multi-channel MAC procedure MPCB-HM is proposed which utilizes CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/ Collision Avoidance), to exchange the data, the activity of TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) sequencing nodes and also FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access) to allow collision-free exchange simultaneously.  The nodes have multiple communication channels, so that the high data traffic can be shared in multiple channels. This reduces the overhead in the nodes and the Energy consumption is minimized by this method and collision free transmission is achieved. With the help of intra-cluster communication and inter-cluster communication, the MAC mode control is responsible for shifting of mode from TDMA to CSMA and vice versa. The Cluster-based topology is implemented which helps in improving the scalability and energy efficiency. By utilizing the simulator of NS2, the process is estimated and the outcomes have shown that the procedure of MAC is improved by overall network presentation compared to the other protocols. 

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Speech Enhancement based on Wavelet Thresholding the Multitaper Spectrum Combined with Noise Estimation Algorithm

By P.Sunitha K.Satya Prasad

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2019.09.05, Pub. Date: 8 Sep. 2019

This paper presents a method to reduce the musical noise encountered with the most of the frequency domain speech enhancement algorithms. Musical Noise is a phenomenon which occurs due to random spectral speaks in each speech frame, because of large variance and inaccurate estimate of spectra of noisy speech and noise signals. In order to get low variance spectral estimate, this paper uses a method based on wavelet thresholding the multitaper spectrum combined with  noise estimation algorithm, which estimates noise spectrum based on the spectral average of past and present according to a predetermined weighting factor to reduce the musical noise. To evaluate the performance of this method, sine multitapers were used and the spectral coefficients are threshold using Wavelet thresholding to get low variance spectrum .In this paper, both scale dependent, independent thresholdings with soft and hard thresholding using Daubauchies wavelet were used to evaluate the proposed method in terms of objective quality measures under eight different types of real-world noises at three distortions of input SNR. To predict the speech quality in presence of noise, objective quality measures like Segmental SNR ,Weighted Spectral Slope Distance ,Log Likelihood Ratio, Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality (PESQ) and composite measures are compared against wavelet de-noising techniques, Spectral Subtraction and Multiband Spectral Subtraction  provides consistent performance to all eight different noises in most of the cases considered.

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Multi Band Spectral Subtraction for Speech Enhancement with Different Frequency Spacing Methods and their Effect on Objective Quality Measures

By P.Sunitha K.Satya Prasad

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2019.05.06, Pub. Date: 8 May 2019

This paper mainly studies Multi Band Spectral Subtraction (MBSS) for speech enhancement based on the spectrum representation in the frequency domain with three different scales(linear, log, mel) and their effect on performance measures in presence of additive non-stationary noise at different ranges of input SNR. Since speech is non-stationary signal, noise distribution is non-uniform i.e few frequency components are affected severely than others. A common method to restore the original speech in presence of noise is speech enhancement by suppressing the back ground noise. Multi Band Spectral Subtraction is one among the speech enhancement techniques which performs spectral subtraction by dividing noisy speech spectrum into uniformly spaced non over lapping frequency bands and spectral over subtraction is performed in each band separately. The performance of this method is evaluated in terms of objective measures such as Cepstrum distance, Log Likelihood Ratio, Weighted Spectral Slope distance, segmental SNR and Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality.

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