Development of an Energy Efficient Routing Protocol Based on the Diversity of Site Temperature and Recent Technologies for IoT Applications

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Ahmed Sh. Al-Obady 1,* Thair Al-Janabi 1 Ammar Hussein Mutlag 1

1. Department of Computer Technology Engineering, Middle Technical University, Iraq

* Corresponding author.


Received: 15 Sep. 2021 / Revised: 28 Oct. 2021 / Accepted: 21 Nov. 2021 / Published: 8 Feb. 2022

Index Terms

Internet of Things, Wireless sensor networks, Software defined networking, Future search algorithm, Routing protocol, Cluster head, Cluster members


With the rapid development of Internet of Things (IoT) technology, researches in IoT and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) has led to a very heavy reliance on Software Defined Networking (SDN). WSNs have some resource scarcities that affect their performance, such as power supply, processing units, memory, and communication capacity. This paper suggests an optimized routing protocol, named Future Search Algorithm-Temperature Routing protocol (FSA-TR) that is based on the temperature and recent technologies to find the optimal set of clusters. The SDN and Cloud technologies have been used in the architecture of the proposed protocol. A Multi-objective FSA that considers resource restrictions of the sensors, such as energy and communication capability, has been presented to identify the best solution. The temperature of the IoT sensors according to their distribution in the geographical has been considered. Accordingly, a Cluster Head (CH) is selected depending on the remaining energy, the distance between nodes, and environmental temperature. Finally, the experimental results showed an enhanced system performance of many features, such as energy dissipation, network lifetime and the number of packets sent to the sink. For instance, the network lifetime of the proposed protocol has been increased by approximately 36%, 27% and 20% compared to LEACH, SEP and optimized protocol PSO-C, consecutively.

Cite This Paper

Ahmed Sh. Al-Obady, Thair Al-Janabi, Ammar Hussein Mutlag, " Development of an Energy Efficient Routing Protocol Based on the Diversity of Site Temperature and Recent Technologies for IoT Applications", International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT), Vol.12, No.1, pp. 1-11, 2022. DOI:10.5815/ijwmt.2022.01.01


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