A Comprehensive Study to Investigate Student Performance in Online Education during Covid-19

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Musaddiq Al Karim 1,* Md. Mahadi Masnad 1 Mst. Yeasmin Ara 1 Mostafa Rasel 1 Dip Nandi 1

1. American International University-Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1229, Bangladesh

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2022.03.01

Received: 12 Jul. 2021 / Revised: 26 Aug. 2021 / Accepted: 16 Oct. 2021 / Published: 8 Jun. 2022

Index Terms

E-learning, Student performance analysis, data mining, educational data mining, Covid-19, pandemic.


During the recent Covid-19 pandemic, there has been a tremendous increase in online-based learning (e-learning) activities as nearly every educational institution has transferred its programs to digital platforms. This makes it crucial to investigate student performance under this new mode of delivery. This research conducts a comparison among the traditional educational data mining techniques to detect the best performing classifier for analyzing as well as predicting students’ performance in online learning platforms during the pandemic. It is achieved through extracting four datasets from X-University student information system and learning platform, followed by the application of 6 classifiers to the extracted datasets. Random Forest Classifier has demonstrated the highest accuracy in the first two out of the four datasets, while Simple Cart and Naïve Bayes Classifiers presented the same for the remainder two. All the classifiers have demonstrated medium to high TP rates, class precision and recall, ranging from 60% to 100% for almost all of the classes. This study emphasized the attributes that have a direct impact on students’ performance. The outcomes of this study will assist the instructors and educational institutions to identify important factors in the analysis and prediction of student performance for online program delivery.

Cite This Paper

Musaddiq Al Karim, Md. Mahadi Masnad, Mst. Yeasmin Ara, Mostafa Rasel, Dip Nandi, "A Comprehensive Study to Investigate Student Performance in Online Education during Covid-19", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.14, No.3, pp. 1-25, 2022. DOI:10.5815/ijmecs.2022.03.01


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