Fingerprints, Iris and DNA Features based Multimodal Systems: A Review

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Prakash Chandra Srivastava 1,* Anupam Agrawal 2 Kamta Nath Mishra 1 P. K. Ojha 1 R. Garg 1

1. Department of Computer Science & Engg., Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi (Alld . Campus), INDIA

2. Department of Information Technology, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, U. P., INDIA

* Corresponding author.


Received: 9 Jun. 2012 / Revised: 1 Oct. 2012 / Accepted: 9 Nov. 2012 / Published: 8 Jan. 2013

Index Terms

DNA Sequence, Fingerprint Patterns, Iris Pattern, Multimodal Systems, Palates


Biometric systems are alternates to the traditional identification systems. This paper provides an overview of single feature and multiple features based biometric systems, including the performance of physiological characteristics (such as fingerprint, hand geometry, head recognition, iris, retina, face recognition, DNA recognition, palm prints, heartbeat, finger veins, palates etc) and behavioral characteristics (such as body language, facial expression, signature verification, speech recognition, Gait Signature etc.).
The fingerprints, iris image, and DNA features based multimodal systems and their performances are analyzed in terms of security, reliability, accuracy, and long-term stability. The strengths and weaknesses of various multiple features based biometric approaches published so far are analyzed. The directions of future research work for robust personal identification is outlined.

Cite This Paper

Prakash Chandra Srivastava, Anupam Agrawal, Kamta Nath Mishra, P. K. Ojha, R. Garg, "Fingerprints, Iris and DNA Features based Multimodal Systems: A Review", International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS), vol.5, no.2, pp.88-111, 2013. DOI:10.5815/ijitcs.2013.02.10


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