Transient Process at Atmospheric Discharge into the Landline and the Appearance of an Electric Arc in the Switch

Full Text (PDF, 538KB), PP.27-37

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


Slobodan N. Bjelic 1,* Filip N. Markovic 1 Nenad A. Markovic 2

1. Faculty of Technical Sciences, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia

2. Kosovo and Metohija Academy of Applied Studies, Department Urosevac – Leposavic, Serbia

* Corresponding author.


Received: 2 Jan. 2021 / Revised: 13 Feb. 2021 / Accepted: 25 Feb. 2021 / Published: 8 Apr. 2021

Index Terms

Algorithm, atmospheric discharge, electric arc, transient process


This document proposes a model of the process of atmospheric discharge of overhead lines followed by an electric arc. The intensity of atmospheric discharges, followed by electric arc and destruction, is determined by the difference in potential and current. Such a structure and form of discharge make it difficult to analyze the transient process and obtain adequate solutions. That is why the model of the transient process in the electric arc of the switch under the conditions of interruption of the AC circuit is specially analyzed. Simple equivalent schemes for the analysis of phenomena with given values of linear parameters are presented, which are very simple to apply. All influential parameters by which the overvoltage values in the model can be estimated were also taken into account. The evaluation of the proposed model was performed using the adapted MATLAB program psbsurlightcuurent for atmospheric electrical discharge, which contains a high frequency current source. The verified simulation method was used to verify the results as part of a method derived from artificial intelligence algorithms. The process simulation program, the obtained voltage and current diagrams confirm the application of the simulation algorithm model.

Cite This Paper

Slobodan N. Bjelić, Filip N. Marković, Nenad A. Marković, "Transient Process at Atmospheric Discharge into the Landline and the Appearance of an Electric Arc in the Switch", International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS), Vol.13, No.2, pp.27-37, 2021. DOI:10.5815/ijitcs.2021.02.03


[1]S. Bjelić, “Protection Techniques in Electrical Energy Networks”, pp. 117–118, 2018.
[2]N. Marković, S. Bjelić, “Protection against dangerous effects electric current”, Kvark, Kraljevo, 2018.
[3]N. Marković, S. Bjelić, U. Jakšić, Z. Bogićević, “Graphical Zero-sequence Cut-offs Method of Determining of Fault to Earth in Electrical Lines”, 9th Symposium on Neural Network Applications in Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Serbia, Neurel 2008, pp. 73–76.
[4]B. Jovanović, S. Bjelić, N. Marković, “Transient Processes on the Elements of Underground Installations”, International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science, Vol. 9, No. 9, pp. 1–10, 2017.
[5]G.S. Gunter, “Electrical Installations Handbok”, P. 2, Siemens, JohnWiley&Sons, 2nd enlarged edition, pp. 786–807, 1987.
[6]N. Marković, S. Bjelić, J. Živanić, U. Jakšić, “Numerical Simulation and Analytical Model of Electrical arc Impedance in the Transient Processes”, PRZEGLĄD ELEKTROTECHNICZNY, ISSN 0033-2097, R. 89 NR 2a/2013, pp. 113–117.
[7]S. Bjelić, N. Marković, Z. Bogićević, I. Bjelić, “Application of Cauchy (Lipschitz) Criterion for Obtaining Theoretical Models of Atmosphere Striking Overvoltages”, International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science, Vol. 11, No. 9, pp. 20–30, 2021.
[8]S.N. Bjelić, “Atmospheric and commutation overvoltages in electrical distribution networks”, Kvark, Kraljevo, 2020
[9]C. Magono, “Thunderstorms”, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, 335 Jan van Galenstraat, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 1980.
[10]I.S. Bjelić, F.N. Marković, N.A. Marković, S.N. Bjelić, “Influence of Metal Pipes in the Environment on Designing the Underground Electrical Installations”, International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing, Vol. 12, No. 6, pp. 1–12, 2020.
[11]A.A. Mahfouz, M.K. Mohammed, F.A. Salem, “Modeling, Simulation and Dynamics Analysis Issues of Electric Motor, for Mechatronics Applications, Using Different Approaches and Verification by MATLAB/Simulink”, International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications, Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. 39–57, 2013.
[12]A.M. Zaleskii, “Fundamentals of the theory of electrical devices”, Higher School, Moscow, 1974.
[13]O.B. Bron, “Plasma Flows in Electric Arc Apparatus”, Energia, Leningrad, 1975.
[14]E.M. Bazelyan, E.M. Bazeyan, “Spark discharge in air”, Siberian Branch of the USSR Academies of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Nauka, 1998.
[15]I.N. Bronstein, K.A. Semendyaev, “Handbook of mathematics for engineers and college students”, Nauka, Moscow, 1980.
[16]Z. Bogićević, S. Bjelić, P. Spalević, E. Abularjas, I. Ali, “The Model of Oscillatory Transient Process when Commutating the Switches”, 25. Electrotechnical and Computer Science Conference, ERK 2016, pp. 277–280.
[17]S. Bjelić, B. Jovanović, Z. Bogićević, N. Marković, I. Bjelić, “Theoretical Model of the Electric Field of Stray Currents in Underground Installations in Urban Environments”, Bjast 2017, Review Article, Vol. 19, Issue 4, 2017/BJAST/31690.
[18]L. Van der Sluis, “Transients in Power Systems”, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2001.
[19]MATLAB SIMULINK Sim Power System, Copyright 1984-2002 The Math Works, Version 6.5.0,180913a, June 2, 2000.