IJISA Vol. 8, No. 3, Mar. 2016
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 954KB)
Adaptive algorithms of parametric identifica-tion of discrete systems with lag variables are proposed. Adaptive algorithms (AA) in the presence of lag input variables are developed. The convergence of the AA and the boundedness of the trajectories the adaptive system is proved. Convergence domain АА depends on operating disturbance. Models with multiplicative parameters (MPM) for the decrease of a number estimated parameters are offered. The process for selection of the vector of base parameters MPM was developed. The performance of adaptive system identification for this case is proved. It is shown that parameters of system estimation at the application of multiplicative identification must be chosen from a condition of minimization of the criterion of the prediction error. Transformation of interdependence be-tween the lagged variables is offered, allowing eliminating their effect on system work. In the second part of work, the method of synthesis АА identification of the systems containing lagged output variables is offered. We consider a case of linear correlation between an output of the system and operating disturbance. For a solution of a problem, we suggest fulfilling an estimation of operating disturbance. Corresponding procedures are described and proved their efficiency. Simulation results are presented that confirm the efficiency of the adaptive methods.[...] Read more.
Automatic Number Plate Recognition system is an application of computer vision and image processing technology that takes photograph of vehicles as input image and by extracting their number plate from whole vehicle image , it display the number plate information into text. Mainly the ANPR system consists of 4 phases: - Acquisition of Vehicle Image and Pre-Processing, Extraction of Number Plate Area, Character Segmentation and Character Recognition. The overall accuracy and efficiency of whole ANPR system depends on number plate extraction phase as character segmentation and character recognition phases are also depend on the output of this phase. Further the accuracy of Number Plate Extraction phase depends on the quality of captured vehicle image. Higher be the quality of captured input vehicle image more will be the chances of proper extraction of vehicle number plate area. The existing methods of ANPR works well for dark and bright/light categories image but it does not work well for Low Contrast, Blurred and Noisy images and the detection of exact number plate area by using the existing ANPR approach is not successful even after applying existing filtering and enhancement technique for these types of images. Due to wrong extraction of number plate area, the character segmentation and character recognition are also not successful in this case by using the existing method. To overcome these drawbacks I proposed an efficient approach for ANPR in which the input vehicle image is pre-processed firstly by iterative bilateral filtering , adaptive histogram equalization and number plate is extracted from pre-processed vehicle image using morphological operations, image subtraction, image binarization/thresholding, sobel vertical edge detection and by boundary box analysis. Sometimes the extracted plate area also contains noise, bolts, frames etc. So the extracted plate area is enhanced by using morphological operations to improve the quality of extracted plate so that the segmentation phase gives more successful output. The character segmentation is done by connected component analysis and boundary box analysis and finally in the last character recognition phase, the characters are recognized by matching with the template database using correlation and output results are displayed. This approach works well for low contrast, blurred, noisy as well as for dark and light/bright category images. The comparison is done between the ANPR with Adaptive Histogram Equalization and Iterative Bilateral Filtering that is the proposed approach and the existing ANPR approach using metrics: MSE, PSNR and Success rate.[...] Read more.
Detection of repeatable keypoints is often one of the first steps leading to obtain a solution able to recognise objects on images. Such objects are characterised by content of image patches indicated by keypoints. A given image patch is worth being described and processed in further steps, if the interest point inside of it can be found despite different image transformations or distortions. Therefore, it is important to compare keypoint detection techniques using image datasets that contain transformed or noisy images. Since most of detector evaluations rely on small datasets or are focused on a specific application of compared techniques, in this paper two large datasets which cover typical transformations, as well as challenging distortions that can occur while image processing, are used. The first dataset contains 200,000 transformed images, and it has been prepared for the purpose of this study. The second dataset, TID2013, is widely used for perceptual image quality assessment; it contains 3,000 images with 24 distortions. Finally, interest point detectors are evaluated on four datasets, and repeatability score and time of detection are used as measures of their performance.[...] Read more.
Three tank liquid level control system plays a significant role in process industries and its behavior is nonlinear in nature. Conventional PID controller generally does not work effectively for such systems. This paper deals with the design of three intelligent controllers namely model predictive, model reference and NARMA-L2 controllers based on artificial neural net-works for a three tank level process. These controllers are simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The performance indices of intelligent controllers are compared based on the time domain specifications. The performance of NN predictive controller shows superiority over other controllers in terms of settling time.[...] Read more.
Feature selection problem is one of the most important issues in machine learning and statistical pattern recognition. This problem is important in many applications such as text categorization because there are many redundant and irrelevant features in these applications which may reduce the classification performance. Indeed, feature selection is a method to select an appropriate subset of features for increasing the performance of learning algorithms. In the text categorization, there are many features which most of them are redundant. In this paper, a two-stage feature selection method-IGICA- based on imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA) is proposed. ICA is a new metaheuristic which is inspired by imperialist competition among countries. At the first stage of the proposed algorithm, a filtering technique using the information gain is applied and features are ranked based on their values. The top ranking features are then selected. In the second stage, ICA is applied to the select the efficient features. The presented method is evaluated on Retures-21578 dataset. The experimental results showed that the proposed method has a good ability to select efficient features compared to other methods.[...] Read more.
Biometric authentication systems operating in real world environments using a single modality are found to be insecure and unreliable due to numerous limitations. Multimodal biometric systems have better accuracy and reliability due to the use of multiple biometric traits to authenticate a claimed identity or perform identification. In this paper a novel method for person identification using multimodal biometrics with hand geometry and palmprint biometric traits is proposed. The geometrical information embedded in the user hand and palmprint images are brought out through the graph representations. The topological characterization of the image moments, represented as the virtual nodes of the palmprint image graph is a novel feature of this work. The user hand and palmprint images are represented as weighted undirected graphs and spectral characteristics of the graphs are extracted as features vectors. The feature vectors of the hand geometry and palmprint are fused at feature level to obtain a graph spectral feature vector to represent the person. User identification is performed by using a multiclass support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The experimental results demonstrate, an appreciable performance giving identification rate of 99.19% for multimodal biometric after feature level fusion of hand geometry and palmprint modalities. The performance is investigated by conducting the experiments separately for handgeometry, palmprint and fused feature vectors for person identification. Experimental results show that the proposed multimodal system achieves better performance than the unimodal cues, and can be used in high security applications. Further comparison show that it is better than similar other multimodal techniques.[...] Read more.
Many number of real time applications are available for train monitoring using satellite based navigation system with high level of speed and precision. But these systems have faced lot of issues such as multipath loss and line of sight which results in lesser accuracy measurements. When the train is moving in low satellite visible areas such as tunnels, mountains, forest etc, then no position information is available. The service failure in tunnel made big challenge to demonstrate a self supporting innovative platform for navigation of train. This paper is focused on designing a novel approach by integrating Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system for continuous monitoring of train moving in tunnel. The wireless tracking controller based on quadratic optimal control theory is considering for analysis. Overall performance of the control design is based on Liapunov approach, where quadratic performance index is directly related to Liapunov functions. By minimizing and maximizing the performance index value corresponding to control inputs will trace the tracking error inaccuracies. As maximizing the performance index, the tracking error produces 0.04% inaccuracy. The data loss is 0.06% when minimizing the performance value. Simulation is carried out using Mat lab.[...] Read more.
Prepaid meter (PM) is getting very popular especially in developing countries. There are many advantages to use prepaid meter as opposed to postpaid meter both to the utility provider and to the consumer. Brunei has adopted PM but it is not intelligent and not wireless enabled. Reading meters and topping up balance are still done manually. Utility provider does not have information on the usage statistics and has only limited functionalities in the grid control. So accordingly an intelligent agent based wireless prepaid energy meter been developed using JADE-LEAP Agent development kit allowing agent from utility provider to query wireless energy meter for energy values for every household. These statistics can be used for statistical computation of the power consumed and for policy and future planning. Agent from consumers’ mobile devices can query the energy meter to study the power consumed and for topping up the balance. When the meter reaches the threshold, agent at energy meter would also send messages to alert consumers for topping up through mobile handset and failing to do so will lead to power being cut automatically.[...] Read more.