Biometric Person Identification System: A Multimodal Approach Employing Spectral Graph Characteristics of Hand Geometry and Palmprint

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Shanmukhappa A. Angadi 1,* Sanjeevakumar M. Hatture 2

1. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Visvesvaraya Technological University Belagavi - 590018, Karnataka State, India

2. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot - 587103, Karnataka State, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 10 May 2015 / Revised: 18 Sep. 2015 / Accepted: 11 Dec. 2015 / Published: 8 Mar. 2016

Index Terms

Hand geometry, Palmprint, Feature level fusion, Graph representation, Spectral graph properties, Hu moments, Support vector machine


Biometric authentication systems operating in real world environments using a single modality are found to be insecure and unreliable due to numerous limitations. Multimodal biometric systems have better accuracy and reliability due to the use of multiple biometric traits to authenticate a claimed identity or perform identification. In this paper a novel method for person identification using multimodal biometrics with hand geometry and palmprint biometric traits is proposed. The geometrical information embedded in the user hand and palmprint images are brought out through the graph representations. The topological characterization of the image moments, represented as the virtual nodes of the palmprint image graph is a novel feature of this work. The user hand and palmprint images are represented as weighted undirected graphs and spectral characteristics of the graphs are extracted as features vectors. The feature vectors of the hand geometry and palmprint are fused at feature level to obtain a graph spectral feature vector to represent the person. User identification is performed by using a multiclass support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The experimental results demonstrate, an appreciable performance giving identification rate of 99.19% for multimodal biometric after feature level fusion of hand geometry and palmprint modalities. The performance is investigated by conducting the experiments separately for handgeometry, palmprint and fused feature vectors for person identification. Experimental results show that the proposed multimodal system achieves better performance than the unimodal cues, and can be used in high security applications. Further comparison show that it is better than similar other multimodal techniques.

Cite This Paper

Shanmukhappa A. Angadi, Sanjeevakumar M. Hatture, "Biometric Person Identification System: A Multimodal Approach Employing Spectral Graph Characteristics of Hand Geometry and Palmprint", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), Vol.8, No.3, pp.48-58, 2016. DOI:10.5815/ijisa.2016.03.06


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