Veins Based Personal Identification Systems: A Review

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Kamta Nath Mishra 1,* Kanderp Narayan Mishra 2,3 Anupam Agrawal 2,4

1. Department of Computer Sc. & Engg., B.I.T. Mesra, Ranchi, INDIA (Allahabad Campus)

2. Department of Computer Science & IT

3. Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, INDIA (Allahabad Campus)

4. Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, INDIA

* Corresponding author.


Received: 27 Jan. 2016 / Revised: 11 May 2016 / Accepted: 4 Jul. 2016 / Published: 8 Oct. 2016

Index Terms

Face veins, Finger veins, Hand veins, Heart veins, Multi-veins, Palatal veins, Palm veins


Identification of people among each other has always been a tough and challenging task for the researchers. There are many techniques which are used for identifying a person but biometric technique is the standard one which allows us for online identification of individuals on the basis of their physiological and behavioral features. The veins based systems include finger veins, face veins, palm veins, head veins, heart veins, iris, palatal veins of the rogue etc. The multi-veins based systems use the veins of different physiological traits for identifying a person.
This paper illustrates an overview of veins based personal identification systems. The performance of different single and multi-veins based identification systems are analyzed in this paper. The features like reliability, security, accuracy, robustness and long term stability along with the strengths and weaknesses of various veins based biometric approaches were taken into considerations while analyzing the results of existing research papers published so far. At last the future research directions in the field of veins based identification systems have also been outlined.

Cite This Paper

Kamta Nath Mishra, Kanderp Narayan Mishra, Anupam Agrawal, "Veins Based Personal Identification Systems: A Review", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications (IJISA), Vol.8, No.10, pp.68-85, 2016. DOI:10.5815/ijisa.2016.10.08


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