IJIGSP Vol. 6, No. 1, Nov. 2013
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 139KB)
Lung cancer is distinguished by presenting one of the highest incidences and one of the highest rates of mortality among all other types of cancers. Detecting and curing the disease in the early stages provides the patients with a high chance of survival. In order to help specialists in the search and recognition of the lung nodules in tomography images, a good number of research centers have been developed in computer-aided detection (CAD) systems for automating the procedures. This work aims at detecting lung nodules automatically through computerized tomography images. Accordingly, this article aim at presenting a method to improve the efficiency of the lung cancer diagnosis system, through proposing a region growing segmentation method to segment CT scan lung images and, then, cancer recognition by FIS (Fuzzy Inference System).
The proposed method consists of three steps. The first step was pre-processing for enhancing contrast, removing noise, and pictures less corrupted by Linear-Filtering. In second step, the region growing segmentation method was used to segment the CT images. In third step, we have developed an expert system for decision making which differentiates between normal, benign, malignant or advanced abnormality findings. The FIS can be of great help in diagnosing any abnormality in the medical images. This step was done by extracting the features such as area and color (gray values) and given to the FIS as input. This system utilizes fuzzy membership functions which can be stated in the form of if-then rules for finding the type of the abnormality. Finally, the analysis step will be discussed and the accuracy of the method will be determined. Our experiments show that the average sensitivity of the proposed method is more than 95%.
The present paper proposes an innovative technique that classifies human age group in to five categories i.e 0 to 12, 13 to 25, 26 to 45, 46 to 60, and above 60 based on the Topological Texture Features (TTF) of the facial skin. Most of the existing age classification problems in the literature usually derive various facial features on entire image and with large range of gray level values in order to achieve efficient and precise classification and recognition. This leads to lot of complexity in evaluating feature parameters. To address this, the present paper derives TTF’s on Second Order image Compressed and Fuzzy Reduced Grey level (SICFRG) model, which reduces the image dimension from 5 x 5 into 2 x 2 and grey level range without any loss of significant feature information. The present paper assumes that bone structural changes do not occur after the person is fully grown that is the geometric relationships of primary features do not vary. That is the reason secondary features i.e TTF’s are identified and exploited. In the literature few researchers worked on TTF for classification of age, but so far no research is implemented on reduced dimensionality model. The proposed Second order Image Compressed and Fuzzy Reduced Grey level (SICFRG) model reduces overall complexity in recognizing and finding histogram of the TTF on the facial skin. The experimental evidence on FG-NET aging database and Google Images clearly indicates the high classification rate of the proposed method.[...] Read more.
In this paper, we propose a lossless (LS) image compression technique combining a prediction step with the integer wavelet transform. The prediction step proposed in this technique is a simplified version of the median edge detector algorithm used with JPEG-LS. First, the image is transformed using the prediction step and a difference image is obtained. The difference image goes through an integer wavelet transform and the transform coefficients are used in the lossless codeword assignment. The algorithm is simple and test results show that it yields higher compression ratios than competing techniques. Computational cost is also kept close to competing techniques.[...] Read more.
This paper describes automatic detection and classification of visual symptoms affected by fungal disease. Algorithms are developed to acquire and process color images of fungal disease affected on commercial crops like chili, cotton and sugarcane. The developed algorithms are used to preprocess, segment, extract and reduce features from fungal affected parts of a crop. The feature extraction is done with discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and features are further reduced by using Principal component analysis (PCA). Reduced features are then used as inputs to classifiers and tests are performed to classify image samples. We have used statistical based Mahalanobis distance and Probabilistic neural network (PNN) classifiers. The average classification accuracies using Mahalanobis distance classifier are 83.17% and using PNN classifier are 86.48%[...] Read more.
In this paper, the objective is to investigate what contributions depth and intensity information make to the solution of face recognition problem when expression and pose variations are taken into account, and a novel system is proposed for combining depth and intensity information in order to improve face recognition performance. In the proposed approach, local features based on Gabor wavelets are extracted from depth and intensity images, which are obtained from 3D data after fine alignment. Then a novel hierarchical selecting scheme embedded in symbolic linear discriminant analysis (Symbolic LDA) with AdaBoost learning is proposed to select the most effective and robust features and to construct a strong classifier. Experiments are performed on the three datasets, namely, Texas 3D face database, Bhosphorus 3D face database and CASIA 3D face database, which contain face images with complex variations, including expressions, poses and longtime lapses between two scans. The experimental results demonstrate the enhanced effectiveness in the performance of the proposed method. Since most of the design processes are performed automatically, the proposed approach leads to a potential prototype design of an automatic face recognition system based on the combination of the depth and intensity information in face images.[...] Read more.
This paper provides a novel hand gesture recognition method to recognize 32 static signs of the Persian Sign Language (PSL) alphabets. Accurate hand segmentation is the first and important step in sign language recognition systems. Here, we propose a method for hand segmentation that helps to build a better vision based sign language recognition system. The proposed method is based on YCbCr color space, single Gaussian model and Bayes rule. It detects region of hand in complex background and non-uniform illumination. Hand gesture features are extracted by radial distance and Fourier transform. Finally, the Euclidean distanceis used to compute the similarity between the input signs and all training feature vectors in the database. The system is tested on 480 posture images of the PSL, 15 images for each 32 signs. Experimental results show that our approach is capable to recognize all 32 PSL alphabets with 95.62% recognition rate.[...] Read more.
The human voice is remarkable, complex and delicate. All parts of the body play some role in voice production and may be responsible for voice dysfunction. The larynx contains muscles that are surrounded by blood vessels connected to circulatory system. The pressure of blood in these vessels should be related with dynamic variation of vocal cord parameters. These parameters are directly related with acoustic properties of speech. Acoustic voice analysis can be used to characterize the pathological voices. This paper presents the classification of high blood pressure and normal with the aid of voice signal recorded from the patients. Various features have been extracted from the voice signal of healthy persons and persons suffering from high blood pressure. Simulation results show differences in the parameter values of healthy and pathological persons. Then an optimum feature vector is prepared and kmean classification algorithm was implemented for data classification. The 79% classification efficiency was obtained.[...] Read more.
Palette re-ordering is a class of pre-processing methods aiming at finding a permutation of color palette such that the resulting image of indexes is more amenable for compression. The efficiency of lossless compression algorithms for fixed-palette images (indexed images) may change if a different indexing scheme is adopted. Obtaining an optimal re-indexing scheme is suspected to be a hard problem and only approximate solutions have been provided in literature. In this paper, we explore a heuristic method to improve the performances on compression ratio. The results indicate that the proposed approach is very effective, acceptable and proved.[...] Read more.
Image Processing is the art of examining, identifying and judging the significances of the Images. Image enhancement refers to attenuation, or sharpening, of image features such as edgels, boundaries, or contrast to make the processed image more useful for analysis. Image enhancement procedures utilize the computers to provide good and improved images for study by the human interpreters. In this paper we proposed a novel method that uses the Genetic Algorithm with Multi-objective criteria to find more enhance version of images. The proposed method has been verified with benchmark images in Image Enhancement. The simple Genetic Algorithm may not explore much enough to find out more enhanced image. In the proposed method three objectives are taken in to consideration. They are intensity, entropy and number of edgels. Proposed algorithm achieved automatic image enhancement criteria by incorporating the objectives (intensity, entropy, edges). We review some of the existing Image Enhancement technique. We also compared the results of our algorithms with another Genetic Algorithm based techniques. We expect that further improvements can be achieved by incorporating linear relationship between some other techniques.[...] Read more.
This paper describes the histogram bins matching approach for CBIR. Histogram bins are reduced from 256 to 32 and 16 by linear grouping and effect of this dimensionality reduction is analyzed, compared, and evaluated. Work presented in this paper contributes in all three main phases of CBIR that are feature extraction, similarity matching and performance evaluation. Feature extraction explores the idea of histogram bins matching for three colors R, G and B. Histogram bin contents are used to represent the feature vector in three forms. First form of feature is count of pixels, and then other forms are obtained by computing the total and mean of intensities for the pixels falling in each of the histogram bins. Initially the size of the feature vector is 256 components as histogram with the all 256 bins. Further the size of the feature vector is reduced to 32 bins and then 16 bins by simple linear grouping of the bins. Feature extraction processes for each size and type of the feature vector is executed over the database of 2000 BMP images having 20 different classes. It prepares the feature vector databases as preprocessing part of this work. Similarity matching between query and database image feature vectors is carried out by means of first five orders of Minkowski distance and also with the cosine correlation distance. Same set of 200 query images are executed for all types of feature vector and for all similarity measures. Performance of all aspects addressed in this paper are evaluated using three parameters PRCP (Precision Recall Cross over Point), LS (longest string), LSRR (Length of String to Retrieve all Relevant images).[...] Read more.