IJIEEB Vol. 3, No. 3, Jun. 2011
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 153KB)
We present an effective algorithm for detecting feature curves on point sets. Based on the local surface fitting method, our algorithm first compute the curvatures and principal directions of each point of point sets. The algorithm then extracts potential feature points according to the biggist principal curvature of the point, and evaluates the principal directions of the detected points. By projecting the points onto the principal axes of their neighborhoods, the potential feature points are smoothed. Using the principal directions with each optimized point, feature curves are generated by polyline growing along the principal directions of feature points. The results indicate that our algorithm is sensitive to both sharp and smooth feature curves of point set, and it supports multi-resolution extraction of features.[...] Read more.
Incorporating a two-level government structure into an endogenous growth model, we discussed the growth impacts of different intergovernmental allocation of public resources, i.e. intergovernmental transfer payments and the power of revenue autonomy of the lower-level government, along with fiscal decentralization. we showed that (1) there was an “Inverted U-shaped” relationship between fiscal decentralization and economic growth; (2) Different intergovernmental allocation of public resources does not affect the “Inverted U-shape” relationship between fiscal decentralization and economic growth.[...] Read more.
The high incidence of brain disease, especially brain tumor, has increased significantly in recent years. It is becoming more and more concernful to discover knowledge through mining medical brain image to aid doctors’ diagnosis. Image mining is the important branch of data mining. It is more than just an extension of data mining to image domain but an interdisciplinary endeavor. Image clustering and similarity retrieval are two basilic parts of image mining. In this paper, we introduce a notion of image sequence similarity patterns (ISSP) for medical image database. ISSP refer to the longest similar and continuous sub-patterns hidden in two objects each of which contains an image sequence. These patterns are significant in medical images because the similarity for two medical images is not important, but rather, it is the similarity of objects each of which has an image sequence that is meaningful. We design the new algorithms with the guidance of the domain knowledge to discover the possible Space-Occupying Lesion (PSO) in brain images and ISSP for similarity retrieval. Our experiments demonstrate that the results of similarity retrieval are meaningful and interesting to medical doctors.[...] Read more.
In this paper, we aim at the restoration of local motion-blur. On the base of construction of basic model of local motion-blur, the formation mechanism of local motion-blur is analyzed, and a new restoration algorithm aimed at local motion-blur in a complex background is proposed. In the algorithm, the problem of restoration of blurred image with complex background is simplified. First, the blurred part is extracted from the complex background, and then it is pasted onto a bottom with monochromatic background. After restoration in the monochromatic background, the restored part is pasted back to the original complex background. All the operations can be completed in spatial domain. Because the restoration of blur image with monochromatic background is easier, so the algorithm proposed in this paper is simple, fast and effectual. It is an effective method of blur image restoration.[...] Read more.
Aiming at three kinds of Internet-based system quality problems, which is performance, liability and security, the paper proposes a kind of test template during multi-user login and resource access control, which includes test requirement, login script, role-resource correlating and mutation test technique. Some Internet-based systems are tested and diagnosed by automation test technique of test template. At last, system quality can be verified and improved through the realization mechanism of test template.[...] Read more.
Nowadays there are lots of novel forecasting approaches to improve the forecasting accuracy in the financial markets. Support Vector Machine (SVM) as a modern statistical tool has been successfully used to solve nonlinear regression and time series problem. Unlike most conventional neural network models which are based on the empirical risk minimization principle, SVM applies the structural risk minimization principle to minimize an upper bound of the generalization error rather than minimizing the training error. To build an effective SVM model, SVM parameters must be set carefully. This study proposes a novel approach, support vector machine method combined with genetic algorithm (GA) for feature selection and chaotic particle swarm optimization(CPSO) for parameter optimization support vector Regression(SVR),to predict financial returns. The advantage of the GA-CPSO-SVR (Support Vector Regression) is that it can deal with feature selection and SVM parameter optimization simultaneously A numerical example is employed to compare the performance of the proposed model. Experiment results show that the proposed model outperforms the other approaches in forecasting financial returns.[...] Read more.
In Drop-shipping supply chain, retailers get the customer orders and manufacturers carry out the orders. Are there any free riders while obtaining the customer order? If any, who could be the free riders? By comparing the decentralized and centralized decision making, we find that both manufacturers and retailers are possible to behave as free riders. Also, we study the contract designs to coordinate manufacturers and retailers in Drop-shipping supply chain, and we find that a combination of quantity discount and delivery reliability compensation mechanism as to guarantee manufacturers a safe delivery can achieve the bi-direction excitation, and finally the coordination of the supply chain.[...] Read more.
It is the last straw to clutch at to solve the urban traffic issue, to develop high-capacity rapid transit and promote transit priority. Characterized by low cost, short construction cycle and flexible development, Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) has been favored by more and more cities in the world. The Platform Screen Doors (PSDs) system is an important component at BRT stations, and it is original motive to be designed to satisfy the growing demand from BRT application to provide increased safety and comfort in the first. With the continual increased demand for BRT intelligent performance, the PSDs system is applied to get Bus Location Information with accurate position of arrival and departure at stop, to provide Real-Time Information (RTI) for BRT passengers using PSDs/GPS compound location technology, to put into practice Bus Fleet Management (BFM). Considering the capability of accurate location, it can be applied to actualize Bus Sign Priority in the future. The authors are luck to take in part the practice of BRT system, especially in the BRT intelligent systems, the papers will introduce upwards application and conceive in detail.[...] Read more.