International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing (IJEM)

IJEM Vol. 6, No. 2, Mar. 2016

Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 463KB)

Table Of Contents


The Development of Officer Selection System using the Method of Analytic Network Process (ANP) at Pharmacy Company

By Alexander Setiawan Andreas Handojo Olivia Gozali

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Mar. 2016

In this life, every person is always faced with various options and each choice will certainly bring different consequences. Pharmacy Company as an organization which managed by the human resources are also faced with various options in order to determine a quality officer. The hardest thing in making a choice is an effort to eliminate the subjectivity factor of the procurement team so that every choice made is objective.
Based on the analysis of the above requirements, the company need a computer application that can support decision making using the Analytic Network Process. The application is not a key decision makers who will replace the role of men but only as decision support.
Applications are made to assist the Personnel Manager of the company in selecting prospective employees and new employee selection. In addition, the application also help in a structured data collection so that support a balanced and objective assessment.

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Design and Development of Pesticide Residue Detection System using EC and pH Sensor

By Deepali Gupta Balwinder Singh Harpreet Singh

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Mar. 2016

Increase in the population of India, results in higher demand for food as well as decrease in land for farming. Hence to fulfil the increased demand, food is adulterated to get more quantity in short period of time. Moreover, pesticides in crops are using above the legal maximum residue limit by farmers to gain more profit in lesser time. Although pesticides are highly effective on pests but they can reside in an environment. Among the class of organophosphate pesticides, chlorpyrifos is widely used in vegetables. Chlorpyrifos has toxic effects on the human body particularly on brain and nervous system. In this paper, design and development of sensors for pesticide residue detection using parameters like electrical conductivity, pH etc are proposed. It was found that the relative percentage deviation between the value of conductivity in pesticide free samples and the pesticide containing samples of bitter gourd, bottle gourd and tomatoes are 31.4%, 10.7% and 19.09% and also between pesticide free samples and market samples are 33.5%, 8.7% and 16.56% respectively. This large variation among different samples shows the presence of pesticide residue. Hence, the method can be successfully used for the detection of pesticide residues in vegetable samples. The proposed sensor system is easy, rapid and time undemanding method. So, this electronic device can also be used to check impurities in any other liquid like water, milk etc.

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Distribution Network Reconfiguration for Power Loss Minimization Using Bacterial Foraging Optimization Algorithm

By Manju Mam Leena G N.S. Saxena

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Mar. 2016

This paper presents a distribution network reconfiguration based on bacterial foraging optimization algorithm (BFOA) along with backward-forward sweep (BFS) load flow method and geographical information system (GIS). Distribution network reconfiguration (DNR) is a complex, non-linear, combinatorial, and non-differentiable constrained optimization process aimed at finding the radial structure that minimized network power loss while satisfying all operating constraints. BFOA is used to obtain the optimal switching configuration which results in a minimum loss, BFS is used to optimize the deviation in node voltages, and GIS is used for planning and easy analysis purposes. Simulation is performed on the 33-bus system and results are compared with the other approaches. The obtained results show that the proposed approach is better in terms of efficiency and having good convergence criteria.

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