IoT Leak Detection System for Building Hydronic Pipes

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Audrius Urbonavicius 1,* Nagham Saeed 1

1. School of Computing and Engineering, University of West London, W5 5RF, United Kingdom

* Corresponding author.


Received: 6 Jul. 2019 / Revised: 27 Jul. 2019 / Accepted: 10 Aug. 2019 / Published: 8 Sep. 2019

Index Terms

Pipeline automation, Leak detection, Building services, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Internet of Things (IoT), Industry IOT (IIOT).


Building’s Air Conditioning systems require moving liquids for dweller comfort. Clogged pipes, system degradation can cause pressure buildups, leaks and other faults which leads to damage to the building. Most of the leaks in the commercial building occur due to poor maintenance and/or material degradation. Visual inspection is most predominantly used to solve this problem in the industry. This paper introduces the Internet of Things technology to detect leakage in building’s hydronic pipes with the support of sensors, fault detection method and mechanical control. The system consists of: Microcontroller, Windows application and website application. Internet of Things technology was used to monitor and control the hydronics using microcontroller’s capability of connecting to main server which is used to transmit the data to the cloud. The prototype was successfully built and tested. Promising results show that leaks above 2ml/s could be detected after 4 seconds specifically for the built small-scale system while control and monitor feature could be implemented with Internet of Things technology.

Cite This Paper

Audrius Urbonavicius, Nagham Saeed. " IoT Leak Detection System for Building Hydronic Pipes ", International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing(IJEM), Vol.9, No.5, pp.1-21, 2019. DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2019.05.01


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