Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 589KB)
Full Text (PDF, 589KB), PP.18-27
Views: 0 Downloads: 0
Ash, Coal, Thermal Power Plant, Quality Analysis.
Billion of tonnes lignite coal is deposited under the surface of Tharparkar zone had been started utilizing in its own mine mouth power plant. Tharparkar is rich in coal resource and have the potential to energize the Pakistan for at least 200 year with the deposited coal fuel of 175 Billion of tonnes. Thar coal further divided into 13 blocks; Block II (have 1% of 175 Billion of tonnes of coal has the capability of produce 5000 MW for 50 years) had just set its 2 units which is capable for 2x330 MW with coal consumption of 560 tons/hour. With the time, the increase in thermal power plant will results in increasing problems with the disposal of solid residues from combustion and off gas cleaning (Bottom ash and Fly ash). The properties of as fired coal is analyzed i.e, volatile matter, sulfur and nitrogen contents and solid residues from combustion and off gas cleaning (Bottom & Fly Ash) and it’s found that as fired coal consists of 12% ash which is 5% greater than ash of design coal that is 7% and ranges from 4-12%. Large amount of ash produced by as fired coal reaches the almost upper range of ash in designed coal and yet it’s not utilized or recycled, according to analysis it can be utilized in various forms i.e. CLC block, cements, road construction and agriculture, if it is not recycled in future then it will create bad impact to the environment like environment pollution, health concern to the human and wildlife and contaminant the under-ground water.
Deepak Kumar, Bharat Lal, Mukesh Kumar, Shanker Lal Meghwar, " Quality Analysis of Ash from Lignite Coal and its Utilization at Thar Power Plant ", International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing (IJEM), Vol.11, No.3, pp. 18-27, 2021. DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2021.03.02
Pakistan Coal Power Generation Potential, Private power and infrastructure board, June 2004.
Pakistan’s Thar Coal Power Generation Potential, Private power and infrastructure board, July 2008.
S. Rao, A. R. Sahito, Iqra Panhwar, “Environmental impacts of thar coal mining,” in 4th International Conference on Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, Jamshoro, 2016.
Adven Masih 2018 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 989 012004.
F. Khan et al, “Financial impediments in harnessing thar coal for the creation of electrical energy in Pakistan,” International Journal of Management Sciences, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 370-378, 2014.
M. R. Senapati, “Fly ash from thermal power plants – waste management and overview,” Current Science, vol. 100, no. 12, pp. 1791-1794, June 2011.
R. Chopra, K. Agarwal, and B. Bhardwaj, “Effects of thermal power plants on environment,” International Journal of Advance research in Science and Engineering, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 187-190. September 2017.
W. K. Pokale, “Effects of thermal power plant on environment,” Science Reviews and. Chemical Communication, vol. 2. no. 3, pp. 212-215, 2012.
I. Nawaz, “Disposal and utilization of fly ash to protect the environment ,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, no. 10, pp. 5259-5266, October 2013.
S. Abbas, M. A. Saleem, Syed M.S. Kazmi, and M. J. Munir, “Production of sustainable clay bricks using waste fly ash: mechanical and durability properties,” Journal of Building Engineering, Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2017.09.008.
J.Alam and M.N Akhtar, “Fly ash utilization in different sectors in Indian scenario,” International journal of emerging trends in Engineering and Development, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-14, August 2011.
Verma et al.,” Heavy metal contamination of groundwater due to fly ash disposal of coal-fired thermal power plant, Parichha, Jhansi, India,” Cogent Engineering , Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23311916.2016.1179243.
S. Kumar, D. Katoria and D. Sehgal, “Environment impact assessment of thermal power plant for sustainable development,” International Journal of Environmental Engineering and Management, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 567-572, 2013.
A. Shamshad, Fulekar M.H., and P. Bhawana, “Impact of coal based thermal power plant on environment and its mitigation measure,” International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 60-64, November 2012.
A. Dennis Lemly, “Environmental hazard assessment of coal ash disposal at the proposed rampal power plant,” Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, Available: https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2017.1395685.
R. K. Singh , N. C. Gupta and B. K. Guha (2012) The Leaching Characteristics of Trace Elements in Coal Fly Ash and an Ash Disposal System of Thermal Power Plants, Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 34:7, 602-608, DOI: 10.1080/15567036.2011.621928.
Anila Sarwar, M. N. Khan2, K. F. Azha, “Coal chemistry and morphology of Thar reserves, Pakistan,” Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, pp. 817-824, 2012, Available: http://www.SciRP.org/journal/jmmce.
J. B. Faheem, “Energy Crisis in Pakistan,” IRA-International Journal of Technology & Engineering, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1-16, April 2016.
B. K. Patel, V. K Verma, A. K. Rai and A. Gaikwad, “development of fly ash based new bio-composites material as wood substitute.” International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1-6, June 2017.
R. P Hardaha, M. L. Agrawal, and A. Agrawal, “Fly ash utilization in road construction with expansive soil,’ International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, vol. 8. No. 6, pp. 559-566, June 2017.
A. K. Gupta et al, “Fly ash for agriculture: implications for soil properties, nutrients, heavy metals, plant growth and pest control,” Agroecology and Strategies for Climate Change, Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 8, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-1905-7_11.
Odji Ebenezer, "Aesthetics Application in Solid Waste Management as a Means of Optimising Environmental Sustainability in Urbanizing Third-World Environments", International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing(IJEM), Vol.9, No.4, pp.15-32, 2019. DOI:10.5815/ijem.2019.04.02.
Technical Improvement of Air Pollution Through Fossil Power Plant Waste Management ", International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing(IJEM), Vol.10, No.4, pp.43-53, 2020. DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2020.04.04.
K Srinivasa Rao, G. Lavanya Devi, N. Ramesh, "Air Quality Prediction in Visakhapatnam with LSTM based Recurrent Neural Networks", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), Vol.11, No.2, pp.18-24, 2019. DOI: 10.5815/ijisa.2019.02.03.