International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS)
ISSN: 2074-9090 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9104 (Online)
Published By: MECS Press
IJCNIS Vol.9, No.1, Jan. 2017
An Energy Efficient and Secure Clustering Protocol for Military based WSN
Full Text (PDF, 299KB), PP.47-53
Less contiguous nature of military applications demands for surveillance of widespread areas that are indeed harder to monitor. Unlike traditional Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), a military based large size sensor network possesses unique requirements/challenges in terms of self-configuration, coverage, connectivity and energy dissipation. Taking this aspect into consideration, this paper proposes a novel, efficient and secure clustering method for military based applications. In any clustering based approach, one of the prime concerns is appropriate selection of Cluster Heads and formation of balanced clusters. This paper proposes and analyzes two schemes, Average Energy based Clustering (AEC) and Threshold Energy based Clustering (TEC). In AEC, a node is elected as Cluster Head (CH) if its residual energy is above the average energy of its cluster whereas in case of TEC, a node is elected as Cluster Head if its residual energy is above the threshold energy. Further, both AEC and TEC choose nodes as CHs if their distance lies within safety zone of the Base Station. In this paper, aim is to come up with a solution that not only conserves energy but balance load while electing safe nodes as CHs. The performance of proposed protocols was critically evaluated in terms of network lifetime, average residual energy of nodes and uniformity in energy dissipation of nodes. Results clearly demonstrated that AEC is successful in incorporating security whilst increasing overall lifetime of network, load balance and uniform energy dissipation.
Cite This Paper
Prachi,"An Energy Efficient and Secure Clustering Protocol for Military based WSN", International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS), Vol.9, No.1, pp.47-53, 2017.DOI: 10.5815/ijcnis.2017.01.06
L. Lamont, M. Toulgoat, M. Déziel, and G. Patterson, "Tiered wireless sensor network architecture for military surveillance applications," Proc. of the 5th International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications, SENSORCOMM 2011, Nice, France, August 21-27, 2011
I. Bekmezci and F. Alagöz, "Energy efficient, delay sensitive, fault tolerant wireless sensor network for military monitoring," Int. J. Distributed Sensors Network, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 729–747, 2009.
David S. Alberts, John J. Garstka, Frederick P. Stein, "NETWORK CENTRIC WARFARE: Developing and Leveraging Information Superiority", 2nd Edition, CCRP Press.
K. Sohrabi et al., Protocols for self-organization of a wireless sensor network, IEEE Personal Communications, vol. 7, no. 5, 16–27, 2000.
Pottie G. J., Kaiser W. J., "Wireless Integrated Network Sensors", Communications of ACM, Vol. 43, No. 5, pp. 51-58, May 2000, DOI: 10.1145/332833.332838.
S. K. Singh, M. Singh, and D. K. Singh, "Routing protocols in wireless sensor networks—a survey," International Journal of Computer Science & Engineering Survey, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 63–83, 2010.
G. Kalpana and T. Bhuvaneswari, "A survey on energy efficient routing protocols for wireless sensor networks," International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 86, no. 12, pp. 12–18, 2011.
Q. Cao, T. Abdelzaher, T. He, and R. Kravets, "Cluster-based forwarding for reliable end-to-end delivery in wireless sensor networks," in Proceedings of the 26th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (IEEE INFOCOM '07), pp. 1928–1936, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, May 2007.
Mhatre V., Rosenberg C., "Design Guidelines for Wireless Sensor Networks: Communication, Clustering and Aggregation", Ad hoc Networks, Vol. 2, no. 1, Jan. 2004, pp. 45-63.
M. Dohler, "Kumar's, Zipf's and Other Laws: How to Structure a Large-Scale Wireless Network?", Annals of Telecommunications, vol. 63, no. 5-6, pp. 239-251, Jun 2008.
Heinzelman W. B., Chandrakasan A., Balakrishnan H., 'Energy Efficient Communication Protocol for Wireless Microsensor Networks', 33rd IEEE International Conference on System Sciences, ISBN: 0-7695-0493-0, Jan-2000
Heinzelman W. B., Chandrakasan A., Balakrishnan H., 'An Application-Specific Protocol Architecture for Wireless Microsensor Networks', IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 1, Issue 4, ISBN: 1536-1276, pp. 660-670, Oct-2002.
O. Younis and S. Fahmy, "HEED: A Hybrid Energy-Efficient Distributed Clustering Approach for Ad Hoc Sensor Networks," IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 3, no. 4, Oct-Dec 2004.
M. Ye, C. Li, G. Chen, and J. Wu, EECS: An Energy Efficient Clustering Scheme in Wireless Sensor Networks, National Laboratory of Novel Softaware Technology, Nanjing University, China. 2006
Amir Sepasi Zahmati, B. Abolhassani, A. A. B. Shirazi, A. S. Bakhtiari, 'Energgy Efficient Protocol with Static Clustering', World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Computer, Electrical, Automation, Control and Information Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2007.
Chaurasiya S. K., Pal T., Bit S. P., "An Enhanced Energy-Efficient Protocol with Static Clustering for WSN", International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN), ISBN: 978-1-61284-661-3, pp. 58-63, Jan 2011.
Nayak B. K., Mishra M., Rai S. C., Pradhaan S. K., 'A Novel Cluster Head Selection Method for Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Network', IEEE International Conference of Information Technology (ICIT), ISBN: 978-1-4799-8083-3, pp. 53-57, Dec-2014.
Vrinda Gupta, Rajoo Pandey, An Improved Energy Aware Distributed Clustering Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks, I. J. Computer Network and Information Security, Jun 2016, vol. 8, no. 6, 29-37
Hamid Karimi, Mehdi Kargahi, Nasser Yazdani, "Energy-Efficient Cluster-Based Scheme for Handling Node Failure in Real-Time Sensor Networks", 2009 Eighth IEEE International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing
MATLAB - The Language of Technical Computing www.mathworks.com/products/matlab/