Survey of Current Multipath Routing Protocols for Mobile AD Hoc Networks

Full Text (PDF, 517KB), PP.68-79

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


P.Periyasamy 1,* E.Karthikeyan 2

1. Department of Computer Science and Applications, Sree Saraswathi Thyagaraja College, Pollachi - 642 107, Tamil Nadu, India

2. Department of Computer Science, Government Arts College, Udumalpet - 642 126, Tamil Nadu, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 20 Feb. 2013 / Revised: 5 May 2013 / Accepted: 11 Jul. 2013 / Published: 8 Oct. 2013

Index Terms

MANET, route failure, load balancing, mobility, multihop, multipath, routing protocols


A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is a wireless communication network with minimum physical infrastructure with diverse communication applications. Mobility and Multihopping are the main characteristics of MANET. Multipath routing protocols establish multiple routes between nodes. The construction of multiple routes should be done with minimum overhead and bandwidth consumption. The purpose of this article is to analyze the characteristics and functionality of various multipath routing protocols and to do the performance comparison between these multipath routing protocols to choose the best among them to use in large networks.

Cite This Paper

P.Periyasamy, E.Karthikeyan, "Survey of Current Multipath Routing Protocols for Mobile AD Hoc Networks", International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS), vol.5, no.12, pp.68-79, 2013. DOI:10.5815/ijcnis.2013.12.09


[1]Elizabeth M. Royer, C-K Toh, "A Review of Current Routing Protocols for Ad-Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks", IEEE Personal Communications, April 1999, pp.46-55.
[2]Mehran Abolhasan, Tadeusz Wysocki, and Eryk Dutkiewicz , "A review of routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks", Ad Hoc Networks, June 2003, pp.1-22.
[3]J. Moy, "Open Shortest Path First Version 2," RFC 2328, IETF, April 1998.
[4]T. Clausen, P. Jacquet, A. Laouiti, P. Muhlethaler, A. Qayyum and L. Viennot, "Optimized Link State Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks", IEEE INMIC, Pakistan 2001.
[5]P. Jacquet, P. Muhlethaler, and A. Qayyum, "Optimized Link State Routing Protocol", IETF Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-olsr-10.txt, June 2002.
[6]P. Jacquet and T. Clausen, "Optimized Link State Routing Protocol", IETF Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-olsr-11.txt, July 2003.
[7]Bellur and R. Ogier, "A Reliable, Efficient Topology Broadcast Protocol for Dynamic Networks", Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM '99, p.178-186, March 1999.
[8]M. Lewis, F. Templin and R. Ogier, "Topology Dissemination Based on Reverse-Path Forwarding (TBRPF)", IETF Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-tbrpf-09.txt, June 2003.
[9]Bellur, et. al, "Topology Dissemination Based on Reverse-Path Forwarding (TBRPF)", IETF Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-tbrpf-08.txt, April 2003.
[10]D. Johnson, D. Maltz, J. Jetcheva, The dynamic source routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks, Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet- dsr-07.txt, work in progress, 2002.
[11]C. Toh, A novel distributed routing protocol to support ad-hoc mobile computing, in: IEEE 15th Annual International Phoenix Conf., 1996, pp. 480–486.
[12]J. Schaumann, "Analysis of the Zone Routing Protocol", December 2002.
[13]Z. Haas and M. Pearlman, "The zone routing protocol (ZRP) for Ad Hoc networks", IETF Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-zone-zrp-04.txt, July 2002.
[14]Z. Haas, "A New Routing Protocol for the Reconfigurable Wireless Networks", Proceedings of IEEE ICUPC'97, San Diego, CA, pp. 562-566, October 1997.
[15]S. Lee and M. Gerla, "AODV-BR: Backup routing in ad hoc networks." Proceedings of IEEE WCNC 2000, Chicago, pages 1311-1316, September 2000.
[16]M. Marina and S. Das, "On-demand Multipath Distance Vector Routing in Ad Hoc Networks", in Proceedings of the International Conference for Network Procotols (ICNP), Riverside, Nov. 2001.
[17]V. Park and M. Corson, "A Highly Adaptive Distributed Routing Algorithm for Mobile Wireless Networks", Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '97, April 1997.
[18]R. Leung, J. Liu, E. Poon, A. Chan and B. Li, "MP-DSR: A QoS-Aware Multi-Path Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks", In Proc. of the 26th IEEE Annual Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN 2001), pp. 132-141, November, 2001.
[19]J. Raju and J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, "A New Approach to On-demand Loop-Free Multipath Routing", In Proc. Of the 8th Annual IEEE International. Conf. Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN), Boston, MA, Oct 1999, pp. 522-527.
[20]S. Lee and M. Gerla, "Split multipath routing with maximally disjoint paths in ad hoc networks", Proceedings of the IEEE ICC, pp. 3201-3205, June 2001.
[21]Valera, W. Seah, and S. Rao, "Cooperative Packet Caching and Shortest Multipath Routing in Mobile Ad hoc Networks", INFOCOM 2003, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2003.
[22]Valera, W. Seah and S. Rao, "CHAMP: A Highly-Resilient and Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad hoc Networks", Proc. of Fourth IEEE Conference on Mobile and Wireless Communications Networks (MWCN 2002), Sep 9 - 11, Stockholm, Sweden, 2002.
[23]L. Wang, Y. Shu, M. Dong, L. Zhang and O. Yang, "Adaptive Multipath Source Routing in Ad Hoc Networks", IEEE ICC 2001, Page(s): 867 -871 vol.3, June 2001.
[24]L. Wang, Y. Shu, Z. Zhao, L. Zhang and O. Yang, "Load Balancing of Multipath Source Routing in Ad Hoc Networks", Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, April 2002.
[25]S. Das, C. Perkins and E. Royer, "Ad Hoc On Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing", IETF RFC3561, July 2003.
[26]D. Johnson, "The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (DSR)", IETF Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-dsr-09.txt, April 2003.
[27]D.B. Johnson, D.A. Maltz, and J. Broch, "DSR: The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Multi-Hop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks", Ad Hoc Networking, pp. 139-172, 2001.
[28]M. Pearlman, Z. Haas, P. Sholander and S. Tabrizi, "On the Impact of Alternate Path Routing for Load Balancing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks", MobiHoc'2000, August 2000.
[29]S. Corson and J. Macker, "Mobile Ad hoc Networking (MANET): Routing Protocol Performance Issues and Evaluation Considerations", IETF WG Charter,, January 1999.
[30]"CACTUS Impulse Research project (Context-Aware Communication, Terminal and User)", A TU-Delft and TNO research project proposal for the Freeband Impulse Research Program in Telecommunications, July 2002.
[31]J. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves. Loop-Free Routing Using Diffusing Computations. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 1(1):130–141, Feb 1993.