Congestion Control in 4G Wireless Networks Using Coalition Game

Full Text (PDF, 235KB), PP.39-45

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


S. V. Saboji 1,* C. B. Akki 2

1. Department of computer Science and Engineering, Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, India

2. Wipro Technologies, Bangalore, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 9 Aug. 2011 / Revised: 17 Dec. 2011 / Accepted: 2 Feb. 2012 / Published: 8 Jun. 2012

Index Terms

Keywords-congestion, vertical handoff, Heterogeneous networks, fairness


In 4G-domain multi home mobile host (MH) will have access to different wireless networks. In this 4G wireless networks real time applications are initiated to support services like VOIP, videoconference. These applications use RTP over UDP. These protocols are unresponsive to congestion events. Our proposed congestion management scheme minimizes congestion level in 4G domains using coalition game. Its main objective is to decide target networks for handoff with minimum congestion level. Our mechanism is based on the coalition game formation. It aims at maximizing the utilization of the resources available and meeting QoS requirement of users as much as possible. This will reduce congestion level with vertical handoff initiation.

Cite This Paper

S. V. Saboji, C. B. Akki, "Congestion Control in 4G Wireless Networks Using Coalition Game", International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS), vol.4, no.5, pp.39-45, 2012. DOI:10.5815/ijcnis.2012.05.05


[1]Filipe Abrantes, and Manuel Ricardo "On Congestion Control for Interactive Real- time Applications in Dynamic Heterogeneous 4G Networks", IEEE 16th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, Vol. 3.,Aug 2005, pp: 1796 - 1800.
[2]S. Floyd and K Networking, Fall "Promoting the Use of End-to-End Congestion Control in the Internet", IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, Volume: 7 Issue: 4, 3rd May 1999, pp: 458 - 472.
[3]Michael Savori, Joachim Sachs2, Stephan Baucke., "Comparison of Congestion-Control Feedback Approaches for Heterogeneous and Dynamically Changing Networks", Telecommunication Networks Group , November 2004.
[4]O.Ait-Hellal, E.Altman "Analysis of TCP Reno and TCP Vega" , IEEE International Conference on Communications, 1997. ICC 97 Volume: 1, 8th –12th June 1997, pp. 495.
[5]Kevin Fall, Sally Floyd "Simulation-based Comparisons of Tahoe , Reno, and SACK TCP" ,Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720.
[6]Ajay V. Bakre, B.R. Badrinath. "Implementation and Performance Evaluation of Indirect TCP", IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. 46, NO. 3, March 1997, pp: 260.
[7]Yueping Zhang, Derek Leonard, and Dmitri Loguinov "JetMax: Scalable Max-Min Congestion Control for High-Speed Heterogeneous Networks", Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 ,
[8]Sergey Gorinsky, Harrick Vin " Effairness A Metric for Congestion Control Evaluation in Dynamic Networks", Technical Report TR2001-31, Laboratory for Advanced Systems Research Department of Computer Sciences The University of Texas at Austin Taylor Hall 2.124, Austin, TX 78712, USA gorinsky,, August 2001.
[9]Christina Parsa, J.J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves "Improving TCP Congestion Control over Internets with Heterogeneous Transmission Media" , Proceedings Seventh International Conference on Network Protocols,.(ICNP '99)., Computer Engineering Department Baskin School of Engineering University of California Santa Cruz, California ,pp: 213.
[10]Ao Tang Jiantao Wang, Steven H. Low, "Network Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Congestion Control Protocols", 24th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, INFOCOM 2005. Volume: 2, March 2005 , pp : 13-38.
[11]H.-J. Byun, J.-T Lim "Fair TCP congestion control in heterogeneous networks with explicit congestion notification" , IEEE Proceedings online no. 20040966 doi:10.1049/ip-com:20040966 , Volume:152 , Issue:1, 24th Feb.2005 , pp: 13
[12]Krister Jacobsson, Niels Möller, Karl-Henrik Johansson, Håkan Hjalmarsson "Some Modeling and Estimation Issues in Control of Heterogeneous Networks"
[13]Lukasz Budzisz, Rade Stanojevi´c, Arieh Schlote, Robert Shorten, Fred Baker, "Delay based congestion control for heterogeneous Environments"
[14]Ao Tang, Xiaoliang Wei, Steven H. Low, MungChiang,"Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Congestion Control: Optimality and Stability", IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, Volume: 18, Issue:3, June 2010.Networking.
[15]Gustavcoar Neiro, I Nesc Porto Jose Ruela, Manureicla Ricardo , "Cross-layer Design in Wireless Terminals",IEEE Wireless Communications, April 2004
[16]Haitao Wu, Qian Zhang , Wenwu Zhu, "Design Study for Multimedia Transport Protocol in Heterogeneous Networks", IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2003. Date: 11th –15th May 2003, Volume: 1,pp: 567.
[17]Christina Parsa, J.J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, "Improving TCP Congestion Control over Internets with Heterogeneous Transmission Media", Proceedings Seventh International Conference on Network Protocols, 1999. (ICNP '99), Nov. 1999 California, pp: 213.
[18]Kamalakshi.N , Dr. Naganna H and Dr Ganesh Rao, "Efficient Power Management using Adaptive Receiver Centric Transport Layer Protocols on Wireless Heterogeneous Networks" , International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering, Vol.1(3), 183-185, 2009.
[19]Marios Lestas and Petros Ioannou, "Queue Length Based Internet Congestion Control", IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control April 2007, Southern California, Los Angeles, California, page(s): 584.
[20]Kwang-il Kim, Jechan Han, and Jaiyong Lee, "Enhanced TCP Congestion Control for Vertical Handover with the RTT inflation and measured-RTT of the new network" , Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications (ITC-CSCC), Seoul, Korea ,2008.
[21]Lin Cai, Member, Xuemin (Sherman) Shen, Jon W. Mark, and Jianping Pan, "Performance Modeling and Analysis of Window-Controlled Multimedia Flows in Wireless/Wired Networks", IEEE transactions on wireless communications, vol. 6, no. 4, April 2007.
[22]Abdullah Gani, Xichun Li, Lina Yangand Omar Zakaria, "Radio Frequency Combination for TCP/IP Suite Protocol Improvement in 4G Mobile Internet Networks", International Journal of Communications, University of Malaya, Issue 1, Volume 2, 2008.
[23]Lefteris Mamatas, Tobias Harks, and Vassilis Tsaoussidis, "Approaches to Congestion Control in Packet Networks", Journal of Internet engineering Vol. 1, No. 1, Jan 2007.
[24]Dr .E. Chandra and B. Subramani, "A Survey on Congestion Control",Global Journal of Computer Science and Technology Vol. 9 Issue 5,Verion 2.0, January 2010.