Performance Analysis of Black Hole Attack in Vanet

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Vimal Bibhu 1,* Kumar Roshan 2 Kumar Balwant Singh 3 Dhirendra Kumar Singh 4

1. Department of Computer Science & Information Technology, B.R.A Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India

2. Department of Computer Science & Engineering, IETE, New Delhi, India

3. Department of Physics, Govt. Polytechnic, Darbhanga, Bihar, India

4. Department of Mathematics, B.R.A Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 21 Mar. 2012 / Revised: 4 Jul. 2012 / Accepted: 17 Aug. 2012 / Published: 8 Oct. 2012

Index Terms

VANET – Vehicular Ad Hoc Network, DOS – Denial of Service, MAC – Medium Access Control, OPNET – Operation Network, AODV – Ad Hoc On Demand Distance Vector Routing, RREQ – Route Request


Black hole attack in Vehicular Ad Hoc Network is major problem related with the field of computer networking. In this paper we present the performance analysis of the black hole attack in Vehicular Ad Hoc Network. We elaborate the different types of attacks and their depth in ad hoc network. The performance metric is taken for the evaluation of attack which depends on a packet end to end delay, network throughput and network load. The delay, throughput and load are simulated by the help of OPNET 14.5 modeler. The simulation setup comprises of 30 Vehicular nodes moving with constant speed of 10 meter per second. The data rate of Vehicular nodes is 11 Mbps with default transmitting power of 0.005 watts. With On Demand Distance Vector Routing and Optimized Link State Routing the malicious node buffer size is lowered to a level which increase packet drops.

Cite This Paper

Vimal Bibhu, Kumar Roshan, Kumar Balwant Singh, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, "Performance Analysis of Black Hole Attack in Vanet", International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS), vol.4, no.11, pp.47-54, 2012. DOI:10.5815/ijcnis.2012.11.06


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