Method of Performing Operations on the Elements of GF(2m) Using a Sparse Table

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Ivan Dychka 1 Mykola Onai 2,* Andrii Severin 2 Cennuo Hu 3

1. Faculty of Applied Mathematics, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kyiv, 03056, Ukraine

2. Department of Computer Systems Software, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kyiv, 03056, Ukraine

3. Department of Computer Science, College of Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA

* Corresponding author.


Received: 18 Jan. 2023 / Revised: 17 Mar. 2023 / Accepted: 18 May 2023 / Published: 8 Feb. 2024

Index Terms

Cryptography, Error-correcting Codes, Privacy-preserving, Homomorphic Encryption, Finite Field, Exponentiation, Multiplicative Inverse Element, Galois Field, Sparse Table


For the implementation of error-correcting codes, cryptographic algorithms, and the construction of homomorphic methods for privacy-preserving, there is a need for methods of performing operations on elements GF(2m) that have low computational complexity. This paper analyzes the existing methods of performing operations on the elements GF(2m) and proposes a new method based on the use of a sparse table of elements of this field. The object of research is the processes of operations in information security systems. The subject of research is methods and algorithms for performing operations on elements GF(2m). The purpose of this research is to develop and improve methods and algorithms for performing operations on elements GF(2m) to reduce their computational complexity. Empirical methods and methods of mathematical and software modeling are used in the research. Existing and proposed algorithms are implemented using the C# programming language in the Visual Studio 2015 development environment. Experimental research of existing and developed algorithms was carried out according to the proposed method, which allows to level the influence of additional parameters on the results of the research. The conducted research on methods for performing operations on the elements GF(2m) shows the expediency of using a sparse table of field elements. This approach makes it possible to reduce the amount of RAM required for the software and hardware implementation of the developed method compared to the classical tabular method, which requires storage of a full table of correspondence of the polynomial and index representation of the field elements. In addition, the proposed method gives an increase in speed of more than 4 times for the operations of calculating the multiplicative inverse element and exponentiation. As a result, the proposed method allows to reduce the computational complexity of error-correcting codes, cryptographic algorithms, and the homomorphic methods for privacy-preserving.

Cite This Paper

Ivan Dychka, Mykola Onai, Andrii Severin, Cennuo Hu, "Method of Performing Operations on the Elements of GF(2m) Using a Sparse Table", International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS), Vol.16, No.1, pp.61-72, 2024. DOI:10.5815/ijcnis.2024.01.05


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