Evaluation of Multicast and Unicast Routing Protocols Performance for Group Communication with QoS Constraints in 802.11 Mobile Ad-hoc Networks

Full Text (PDF, 1114KB), PP.1-15

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


Sumon Kumar Debnath 1,* Mousumi Saha 2 Manowarul Islam 3 Prodip Kumar Sarker 4 Ileas Pramanik 4

1. Begum Rokeya University, Department of Electrical and Electronic Eng., Rangpur-5400, Bangladesh

2. Okayama University, Dept. of Electrical and Communication Engineering, Okayama, Japan

3. Jagannath University, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Dhaka-5400, Bangladesh

4. Begum Rokeya University, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Rangpur-5400, Bangladesh

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijcnis.2021.01.01

Received: 13 Jun. 2020 / Revised: 10 Aug. 2020 / Accepted: 9 Sep. 2020 / Published: 8 Feb. 2021

Index Terms

MANETs, Unicast, DSR, Multicast, MAODV, QoS, NS-2


In Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET), portable devices like smartphones, or laptop PC can join together to make provisional networks without any infrastructure The objective of multicast or unicast protocols is to ensure an efficient route formation and flow control mechanism which is a very challenging issue for many group computing services in MANETs. MANETs can support several real-time applications like emergency rescue, and disaster relief operations which require minimum Quality of Service (QoS) to handle high traffic. Providing QoS for multimedia and group-oriented computing in MANETs becomes a real challenge due to the wireless medium and the mobility of operating nodes. Therefore, an investigation of routing protocols for one-to-many or many-to-many computing is important that supports acceptable QoS in MANETs. Numerous QoS metrics have been considered for the assessment like packet delivery ratio, latency, packet loss rate, control overhead, and throughput. By considering different network topologies and scenarios with different performance parameters, the primary goal of this study is to explore the challenges and factors for QoS services in MANET’s multicast communication. The outcomes of investigation can be used to design the future MANET protocol for multimedia applications. The performance results indicate that the increasing number of sending/receiving nodes may increase the overhead or latency of the network but capable of providing higher network throughput, carried out in NS-2. The results also indicate although MANETs can induce errors and packets are lost as part of the normal operating context, multicast AODV practice superior to the unicast protocol to various QoS in a wide range of scenarios with less overhead.

Cite This Paper

Sumon Kumar Debnath, Mousumi Saha, Manowarul Islam, Prodip Kumar Sarker, Ileas Pramanik, "Evaluation of Multicast and Unicast Routing Protocols Performance for Group Communication with QoS Constraints in 802.11 Mobile Ad-hoc Networks", International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS), Vol.13, No.1, pp.1-15, 2021. DOI: 10.5815/ijcnis.2021.01.01


[1] H. Gavin, and N. Vaidya, “Analysis of TCP Performance over Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Wireless Networks, Vol. 8, pp. 275-288, Mar 2002.

[2] S. Salem, and A. El-Bareg, “MANET Testbed using Raspberry PIs”, Int. J. of Wireless and Microwave Technologies, Vol. 2, pp. 52-63, 2018.

[3] T. Alama, and B. Rababahb, “Convergence of MANET in Communication among Smart Devices in IoT”, Int. J. of Wireless and Microwave Technologies, Vol. 2, pp. 1-10, 2019.

[4] E. Chip, and B. Heile, “Self-Organizing, Self-Healing Wireless Networks”, IEEE Aerospace conf., vol. 1, pp. 149-156, Mar 2000.

[5] J. R. McChesney, and R. J. Saulitis, “Optimization of an Adaptive Link Control Protocol for Multimedia Packet Radio Networks”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Military Communications, vol. 1, pp. 261-265, Oct 1999.

[6] E. Baburaj, and V. Vasudevan, “An Intelligent Multicast Ad-hoc On demand Distance Vector Protocol for MANETs”, J. of Networks, Vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 62-68, June 2008.

[7] S. Biradar, and P. Kulkarni, “Enhancing the Quality of Service using M-AODV Protocol in MANETs”, Int. Conf. on Applied and Theoretical Computing and Communication Technology, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 648-652, Oct 2015.

[8] L. Hanzo and R. Tafazolli, “A Survey of QoS Routing Solutions for Mobile Ad hoc Networks,” IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 50-70, July, 2007.

[9] S. K. Debnath, F. Ahmed, and N. Islam, “Performance Evaluation of Unicast and Broadcast Mobile Ad-hoc Networks Routing Protocols”, Int. J. of Computer Science and Information Security, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 040-046, Jan 2010.

[10] B. A. Forouzan, “TCP/IP Protocol Suite”, 3rd Edition, 2006.

[11] S. Baolin, S. Pi, C. Gui, Y. Zeng, B. Yan, W. Wang, and Q. Qin, “Multiple constraints QoS multicast routing optimization algorithm in MANET based on GA”, Progress in Natural Science, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 331-336, Mar 2008.

[12] U. Varshney, “Multicast over Wireless Networks”, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 45, No. 12, pp. 31-37, Dec 2002.

[13] J. H. Schiller, “Mobile communications”, Pearson education, 2003.

[14] A. Chopra, R. Kumar, “Efficient Resource Management for Multicast Ad Hoc Networks: Survey”, Int. J. of Computer Network and Information Security, Vol.8, No.9, pp.48-55, 2016.

[15] D. Chander, R. Kumar, “A survey of issues in supporting QoS based multicast routing protocols over MANETs”, Int. J. of Comp. App., vol. 112, no. 13, Feb 2015.

[16] M. Masoudifar, “A Review and Performance Comparison of QoS Multicast Routing Protocols for MANETs”, J. Ad-Hoc Networks, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 1150-1155, Aug 2009.

[17] A. H. A. Hashim, M. M. Qabajeh, O. Khalifa and L. Qabajeh, “Review of Multicast QoS Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, IJCSNS International J. of Comp. Sci. and Netw. Sec., Vol. 8, No. 12, pp. 108-116, Dec 2008.

[18] V. T. M. Do, L. Landmark and O. Kure, “A Survey of QoS Multicast in Ad Hoc Networks”, Future Internet, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 388-416, Sep 2010.

[19] D. B. Johnson, and D. A. Maltz, “The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (DSR)”, IETF MANET working group Internet draft, July 2004.

[20] G. Najafi, S. J. Gudakahriz, “A Stable Routing Protocol based on DSR Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Int. J. of Wireless and Microwave Technologies, Vol.8, No.3, pp. 14-22, 2018.

[21] C. E. Perkins, E. M. Royer, S. R. Das, and M. K. Marina, “Performance Comparison of Two On-demand Routing Protocols for Ad hoc Networks”, IEEE Personal Communications Magazine special issue on Ad hoc Networking, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 16-28, Feb 2001.

[22] M. Abolhasan, T. A. Wysocki, and J. Lipman, “Performance investigation on three-classes of MANET routing Protocols”, Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications, pp. 774-778, Oct 2005.

[23] G. Jayakumar, and G. Ganapathy, “Performance Comparison of Mobile Ad-hoc Network Routing Protocol”, Int. J. of Computer Science and Network Security, VOL.7 No.11, pp. 77-84, Nov 2007.

[24] K. Mishra, and S. Choudhary, “Investigation of Effective Group Communication using MAODV and ODMRP Routing in MANET”, Int. J. of Engineering Technology and Applied Science Communications of the ACM, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 31-37, Jan 2016.

[25] A..Ghafouri, A. Ghasemi, M. R. H. Ahangar, “A Power-based Method for Improving the ODMRP Protocol Performance in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks”, Int. J. of Wireless and Microwave Technologies, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 27-36, 2018.

[26] M. A. Al-Shabi, “Evaluation the performance of MAODV and AODV protocols in VANETs Models”, Int. J. of computer science and information security, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1-12, 2020.

[27] P. Shingh, “Comparative study between unicast and multicast routing protocols in different data rates using VANET”, Int. Conf. on Issues and Challenges in Intelligent Computing Techniques, pp. 278-284, Feb 2014.

[28] E. M. Royer, and C. E. Perkins, “Multicast operation of the ad-hoc on-demand distance vector routing protocol”, In Proceedings of the 5th annual ACM/IEEE Int. Conf. on Mobile computing and networking, pp. 207-218, Aug 1999.

[29] “Network simulator ns-2”, https://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/ (accessed 12 May 2020).

[30] K. Fall, and K. Varadhan, “The ns Manual (formerly ns Notes and Documentation)”, The VINT Project, UC Berkeley, LBL, USC/ISI, and Xerox PARC, Sep 2008.

[31] L. Wang, Y. Shu, M. Dong, L. Zhang, and O. W. W. Yang, “Adaptive Multipath Source Routing in Ad Hoc Networks”, IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, vol. 3, pp. 867-871, Jun 2001.

[32] M. K. Marina, S. R. Das, “Ad hoc on-demand multipath distance vector routing”, Wireless communication and mobile computing, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 969-988, Nov 2006.