Fixed Cluster Formations with Nearest Cluster Heads in Wsns

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Korhan Cengiz 1,*

1. Department of Electrical-Electronics Engineering Trakya University, Edirne, 22030, Turkey

* Corresponding author.


Received: 11 Jan. 2017 / Revised: 22 Feb. 2017 / Accepted: 6 Apr. 2017 / Published: 8 May 2017

Index Terms

Routing, fixed clustering, WSNs


The limited battery usage of a sensor node is one of the significant issues in WSNs. Therefore, extending the lifetime of WSNs through energy efficient mechanisms has become a challenging research area. Previous studies have shown that clustering can decrease the transmission distance of the sensor nodes thus, prolongs the lifetime of the network. In literature, most of the LEACH variants aim to set-up clusters in each round by changing CHs randomly. These formations cause to spend high amount of energy and induce additional network costs. In this paper, an energy-efficient nearest constant clustering approach is proposed to solve the problems of LEACH based protocols. The proposed approach uses constant clusters which are formed only once when algorithm starts. The cluster formation remains fixed until the energies of the all sensors are finished. Proposed approach aims to select nearest CHs in each cluster randomly without changing the cluster formations.

Cite This Paper

Korhan Cengiz,"Fixed Cluster Formations with Nearest Cluster Heads in Wsns", International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT), Vol.7, No.3, pp.1-8, 2017. DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2017.03.01


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