Design of Smart Antenna by Circular Pin-Fed Linearly Polarized Patch Antenna

Full Text (PDF, 679KB), PP.40-49

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


Ayodele S. Oluwole 1,* Viranjay M. Srivastava 1

1. Department of Electronic Engineering, Howard College, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban-4041, South Africa

* Corresponding author.


Received: 13 Jan. 2016 / Revised: 26 Feb. 2016 / Accepted: 2 Apr. 2016 / Published: 8 May 2016

Index Terms

Beamwidth, Path loss, Patch antenna, Signals, Smart Antenna, Wireless Communication


For the transmission of signals at higher frequencies, there is a requirement for extension of a higher capacity system and higher bandwidth in wireless communication systems. The use of smart antenna increases the system performance with the arrangements of its constituent elements and digital signal processing capacity. Analysis and design of smart antenna arrays can be performed for wireless communication systems using various methods and approaches. One of these methods is circular pin-fed linearly polarized patch antenna has been adopted in this research work. 
This work presents the design and analysis of smart antenna by circular pin-fed linearly polarized patch antenna. Patch antenna is a very prominent antenna in the microwave frequency spectrum due to its simplicity and compatibility with the printed circuit board (PCB) technology. 

Cite This Paper

Ayodele S. Oluwole, Viranjay M. Srivastava,"Design of Smart Antenna by Circular Pin-Fed Linearly Polarized Patch Antenna",International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT), Vol.6, No.3, pp.40-49, 2016. DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2016.03.05


[1]A. P. Rao and N. V. S. N. Sarma. Performance Analysis of differential evolution algorithm based beamforming for smart antenna systems. Int. J. Wireless and Microwave Technologies vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-9, 2014.

[2]C. Deng, P. Li, and W. Cao. Low-profile patch antennas with vertical monopole-like radiation patterns based on modified capacitive coupling structures. In IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters; vol. 11, pp.1354-1357, Nov. 2012.

[3]M. Elhefnawy and W. Ismail. A microstrip antenna array for indoor wireless dynamic environments. IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation; vol. 57, pp: 3998-4002, Dec. 2009.

[4]A. S. Oluwole and V. M. Srivastava, Modeling of RF security system using smart antenna, In Proc. of 2015 IEEE Int. Conf. on Cyberspace (CYBER-Abuja 2015), Abuja, Nigeria, 4-7 Nov. 2015, pp. 118-122.

[5]B. Kim, B. Pan, S. Nikolaou, Y. S. Kim, J. Papapolymerou, and M. M. Tentzeris. A novel single-fed circular microstrip antenna with reconfigurable polarization capability. IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 630-638, March 2008.

[6]C. Monti, L. Corchia, and L. Tarricone. Patch antenna with reconfigurable polarization. Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, vol. 9, pp. 13-23, 2009.

[7]F. Babich, M. Comisso, M. D'Orlando, and L. Mania. Interference mitigation on WLANs using smart antennas. Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 36, pp: 387-401, 2006.

[8]C. A. Balanis. Antenna theory: analysis and design. 3rd ed. John Wiley and Sons, Hobken, New Jersey; 2005.

[9]M. A. Rahman, Q. D. Hossain, and M. A. Hossain. Design of a circular polarization array antenna using linear polarization patches. In Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Electrical Engineering and Information & Communication Technology, Dhaka, 10-12 April 2014; pp. 1-4.

[10]A. A. Saleh and A. S. Abdullah. A novel design of patch antenna loaded with complementary split-ring resonator and L-shape slot for (WiMaX/WLAN) applications. Int. J. Wireless and Microwave Technologies, vol. 3, pp: 16-25, 2014.

[11]G. C. Akir and L. Sevg. Design, simulation and tests of a low-cost microstrip patch antenna arrays for the wireless communication. Turkey J. of Electrical Engineering, vol.13, no.1, pp: 93-103, 2005.

[12]C. Min and C. E. Free. Analysis of traveling-wave-fed patch arrays. IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 57, no.3, pp. 664-670, March 2009.

[13]S. N. Makarov. Antenna and EM modeling with MATLAB. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York; 2002.

[14]L. H. Chang, W. C. Lai, J. C. Cheng, C. W. Hsue. A symmetrical reconfigurable multipolarization circular patch antenna. IEEE on Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 13, pp. 87-90, 2014.

[15]R. Piesiewicz, M. Jacob, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner. Performance analysis of future multigigabit wireless communication systems at THz frequencies with highly directive antenna in realistic indoor environments. IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron; vol. 14, no. 2, pp: 421-430, April 2008.

[16]C. Cheng, F. Zhang, and Y. Yao. A compact microstrip patch antenna reconfigurable feed network for polarization diversity. Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, vol. 48, pp. 67-73, 2014.

[17]R. K. Yadav, J. Kishor and R. L. Yadav. Effects of superstrate on electromagnetically and gap coupled patch antennas. Int. J. Wireless and Microwave Technologies; vol. 4, no. 3, pp: 26-35, 2014.

[18]C. Jastrow, S. Priebe, B. Spitschan, J. Hartmann, M. Jacob, T. Kurner, T. Schrader, and T. Kleine Ostmann. Wireless digital data transmission at 300 GHz. IEEE Electronics Letters; vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 661-663, April 2010.

[19]A. Singh, J. A. Ansari, Kamakshi, M. Anesh, and S. S. Sayeed. L-strip proximity fed gap coupled compact semi-circular disk patch antenna. Alexandria Engineering Journal, vol. 53, pp. 61-67, Jan. 2014.

[20]B. Danana, B. Choudhury, and R. M. Jha. Design of high gain microstrip antenna for THz wireless communication. Int. J. of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Dec. 2014; vol. 3, pp: 711-716.

[21]Y. Dong, H. Toyao, and T. Itoh. Compact circularly-polarized patch antenna loaded with metamaterial structures. IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 4329-4333, Oct. 2011.

[22]F. Gross. Smart Antenna for wireless communications with MATLAB: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., New York, 2005.

[23]A.V. Raisanen, J. Ala-Laurinaho, D. Chicherin, Z. Du, A. Generalov, and A. Karttunen. Beam-steering antennas at Millimeter wavelengths. 5th Global Symposium on Millimeter Waves, May 27-30, 2012; pp: 170-173. 

[24]T. S. G. Basha, M. N. G. Prasad, and P. V. Sridevi. Beamforming in smart antenna with improved gain and suppressed interference using genetic algorithm. Central European Journal of Computer Science 2012; vol. 2, no. 1, pp: 1-14.

[25]A. S. Oluwole and V. M. Srivastava, Design of smart antenna using planar phased-array antenna for wireless communication systems, Proc. of 2015 IEEE Int. Conf. on Trends in Automation, Communication and Computing Technologies (ITACT-15), Bangalore, India, 21-22 Dec. 2015, pp. 113-119.

[26]G. Sami, M. Mohanna and M. L. Rabeh. Tri-band microstrip antenna design for wireless communication applications, vol. 2, July 2013, pp. 39-44.

[27]S. Srivastava, V. K. Singh, A. K. Sing and Z. Ali. Duo triangle shaped microstrip patch antenna analysis for WiMAX lower band application, vol. 10, 2013, pp. 554-563.

[28]C. L. Mak, H. Wong, and K. M. Luk. High-gain and wide-band single-layer patch antenna for wireless communications. IEEE Trans. on Vehicular Technology, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 33-40, Jan. 2005.

[29]A. A. Abdelaziz. Bandwidth enhancement of microstrip antenna. Progress In Electromagnetic Research, PIER 63, pp. 311-317, 2006.

[30]A. K. Bhattacharyya. Comparison between arrays of rotating linearly polarized elements and circularly polarized elements. IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 2949-2954, Sept. 2008.

[31]E. Ghafari and D. N. Aloi. Single-pin, single-layer, dual-band patch antenna for global positioning system and satellite digital audio radio system automotive applications. Inst. of Electrical Technology, Microwave, Antennas and Propagation, vol. 8, no. 13, pp. 1066-1074, Oct. 2014.

[32]W. Cao. Compact dual-band dual-mode circular patch antenna with broadband unidirectional linearly polarized and omnidirectional circularly polarized characteristics. Inst. of Electrical Technology, Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, vol. 10. No. 2, pp223-229, Jan. 2016.

[33]C. Deng, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and Z. Feng. A hemispherical 3-D null steering antenna for circular polarization. IEEE In Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 14, pp. 803-806, March 2015.

[34]D. J. Bisharat, L. Shaowei, and X. Quan. Circularly polarized planar aperture antenna for millimeter-wave applications. IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no.12, pp. 5316-5324, Oct. 2015.

[35]N. Kushwaha and R. Kumar. Compact coplanar waveguide-fed wideband circular polarized antenna for navigation and wireless applications. Inst. of Electrical Technology, vol. 9, no. 14, pp. 1533-1539, Nov. 2015.