Real-Time Animal Location Estimation Using Wearable Sensors and Cellular Mobile Networks.

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M.W.P Maduranga 1,* J.P.D.M Sithara 2

1. Department of Computer Engineering, General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Ratmalana, Sri Lanka

2. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Sri Lanka.

* Corresponding author.


Received: 23 Jan. 2022 / Revised: 19 Feb. 2022 / Accepted: 10 Mar. 2022 / Published: 8 Jun. 2022

Index Terms

Internet of Things, Localization, Wildlife Monitoring, Animal Tracking, Sensor Networks


In this article, we propose a novel concept of using an existing cellular network to find the location of animals living in outdoor environments. The proposed method has simplified hardware architecture which can be implemented at a meager cost. Moreover, the sensors communicate with existing cellular networks, which will reduce the implementation cost.  The proposed system consists of a SIM 900 GSM module, a BMP280 pleasure sensor, and a battery as a wearable device that can warn the animal. The wearable device will send the real-time pressure values of the animal. In the proposed model, the pressure value, radial distance of transmitter fixed at the animal, and direction of the electromagnetic waves are used to calculate the real-time coordinates of the animals. The received pressure value and the radial distance will be used to calculate the location using this proposed model. The proposed model parameters' error was analyzed and simulated using suitable probability density distributions, and results were presented. 

Cite This Paper

M.W.P Maduranga, J.P.D.M Sithara, " Real-Time Animal Location Estimation Using Wearable Sensors and Cellular Mobile Networks.", International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT), Vol.12, No.3, pp. 61-68, 2022. DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2022.03.05


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