Comparative Analysis of Steganography Technique for Information Security

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Pooja Yadav 1 Sangeeta Dhall 1,*

1. J.C. Bose University of Science and Technology, YMCA Faridabad

* Corresponding author.


Received: 3 May 2019 / Revised: 2 Apr. 2020 / Accepted: 13 May 2020 / Published: 8 Aug. 2020

Index Terms

Information Security, MATLAB, Performance Metrics, Steganography Mechanism.


Organisations need information security to reduce the risk of unauthorized information disclosure, use, modification and destruction. To avoid this risk and ensure security diverse solutions are available such as Cryptography, Steganography and Watermarking. Encryption changes the form of information but latter two hide records or watermark in some medium. This paper is an effort to explore one of the solutions i.e. Steganography. It is a mechanism of hiding secret information in text, image, audio or video carriers. Broadly, these are classified in various categories such as Spatial domain, Transform domain and Distortion Technique. This work intends to give an overview of above mentioned techniques in detail by comparing algorithms based on performance metrics such as Bhattacharyya Coefficient, Correlation Coefficient, Intersection Coefficient, Jaccard Index, MAE, MSE, PSNR and UIQI. After analysing the MATLAB simulation and comparison based on different performance metrics, LSB Substitution and Pseudorandom technique are best suited for generating highly matched stego image with respect to their cover image.

Cite This Paper

Pooja Yadav, Sangeeta Dhall. " Comparative Analysis of Steganography Technique for Information Security ", International Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Computing (IJMSC), Vol.6, No.4, pp.42-69, 2020. DOI: 10.5815/ijMSC.2020.04.05


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