X-ray Cargo Scanning and Risk Management in Trade Facilitation: Analysis & Model of an Online Imaging and Documentation Management System

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Wilson Nwankwo 1,* Akinola S. Olayinka 2 Benjamin Uchenna Benson 3

1. Department of Computer Science, Edo University Iyamho, Edo State, Nigeria

2. Department of Physics, Edo University Iyamho, Edo State, Nigeria

3. Department of Computer Science, Imo State University of Agric. & Env. Sciences, Umuagwo, Nigeria

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2019.05.02

Received: 12 Apr. 2019 / Revised: 20 Apr. 2019 / Accepted: 28 Apr. 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019

Index Terms

Risk Management, Trade Facilitation, Imaging, X-ray Cargo Scanners, Documentation System, Imports


In the last two decades many document management systems have evolved and have been deployed for use in business areas such as marketing, production, sales, shipping, banking, education, etc. The demand for electronic document management system has continued to rise with new application areas discovered from day to day. This paper is the first of a two-part study that dwells on the conceptualization, development and deployment of an online documentation system for trade facilitation applications. This paper demonstrates how an organization can build a cost-effective and efficient electronic document management system using open source like MySQL and PHP. The domain of application stressed in this paper is X-ray Cargo Scanning operations as conducted by Government agencies especially the Customs and Excise or their appointees during imports, exports inspection and cargo clearance at the ports. In this paper, the authors investigated various operations that preceed clearance of shipments at ports in Lagos Nigeria. The role of Cargo scanners, image acquisition and subsequent analysis as well as challenges were buttressed. Following the investigation, analysis and design of a solution were done. This paper presents the results of the analysis as well as the system specifications which are considered vital for the implementation of a realtime integrated solution. The proposed system would provide a platform that enhances productivity in a risk management and scanning service organization especially in managing and exchanging large volumes of scanner-generated documentation across a network as well as with other agencies.

Cite This Paper

Wilson Nwankwo, Akinola S. Olayinka, Benjamin Uchenna Benson, "X-ray Cargo Scanning and Risk Management in Trade Facilitation: Analysis & Model of an Online Imaging and Documentation Management System", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.11, No.5, pp. 10-23, 2019.DOI: 10.5815/ijmecs.2019.05.02


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