Hidden Markov Model for Identification of Different Marks on Human Body in Forensic Perspective

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Dayanand G Savakar 1,* Anil Kannur 2

1. Department of Computer Science, Rani Channamma University, Belagavi India

2. Department of Computer Science & Engineering, VTU Resource Research Center, Belagavi India

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2019.03.06

Received: 15 Jan. 2019 / Revised: 1 Feb. 2019 / Accepted: 13 Feb. 2019 / Published: 8 Mar. 2019

Index Terms

Birthmark, Burntmarks, Hidden Markov, Identification, Segmentation, Tattoos, Weapons, Wounds


This paper proposes a computational forensic methodology which identify and classify different marks on the human body using Hidden Markov model. The methodology gives an efficient and effective computerized approach for the characteristics of different marks such as birthmarks, burntmarks, tattoos and weapons’ wounds found on human body. This proposed method will be a computationally effective substitution for the traditional forensic method in identifying the body marks in crime investigation of homicidal cases. Hidden Markov Model (HMM) is statistical and logical tool suitable for this identification. The marks on human body describe different patterns with characteristics that are helpful in identification. The experimental results achieved for identification of different marks with an average accuracy of 94.6%, on the available database of 400 images that includes four categories: Birthmarks, Burntmarks, Tattoos and weapons’ wounds (100 images of each marks). The methodology gives the better combination of features (color, texture and shape), which are extracted for the identification of marks on human body for the purpose of computational forensic science.

Cite This Paper

Dayanand G Savakar, Anil Kannur, " Hidden Markov Model for Identification of Different Marks on Human Body in Forensic Perspective", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.11, No.3, pp. 38-45, 2019.DOI: 10.5815/ijmecs.2019.03.06


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