IJITCS Vol. 15, No. 6, Dec. 2023
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 183KB)
One of the main reasons for mortality among people is traffic accidents. The percentage of traffic accidents in the world has increased to become the third in the expected causes of death in 2020. In Saudi Arabia, there are more than 460,000 car accidents every year. The number of car accidents in Saudi Arabia is rising, especially during busy periods such as Ramadan and the Hajj season. The Saudi Arabia’s government is making the required efforts to lower the nations of car accident rate. This paper suggests a business process improvement for car accident reports handled by Najm in accordance with the Saudi Vision 2030. According to drone success in many fields (e.g., entertainment, monitoring, and photography), the paper proposes using drones to respond to accident reports, which will help to expedite the process and minimize turnaround time. In addition, the drone provides quick accident response and recording scenes with accurate results. The Business Process Management (BPM) methodology is followed in this proposal. The model was validated by comparing before and after simulation results which shows a significant impact on performance about 40% regarding turnaround time. Therefore, using drones can enhance the process of accident response with Najm in Saudi Arabia.[...] Read more.
The prevalence of automobile accidents as a major cause of violent deaths around the world has prompted researchers to develop an automated method for detecting them. The effectiveness of medical response to accident scenes and the chances of survival are influenced by the human element, underscoring the need for an automated system. With the widespread use of video surveillance and advanced traffic systems, researchers have proposed a model to automatically detect traffic accidents on video. The proposed approach assumes that visual elements occurring in a temporal sequence correspond to traffic accidents. The model architecture consists of two phases: visual feature extraction and temporal pattern detection. Convolution and recurrent layers are employed during training to learn visual and temporal features from scratch as well as from publicly available datasets. The proposed accident detection and alerting system using Convolution Neural Network models with Rectified Linear Unit and Softmax activation functions is an effective tool for detecting different types of accidents in real-time. The system of accident detection, integrated with the alerting mechanism for prompt medical assistance achieved high accuracy and recall rates.[...] Read more.
This scientific article presents the results of a study focused on the current practices and future prospects of AI-tools usage, specifically large language models (LLMs), in software development (SD) processes within European IT companies. The Pan-European study covers 35 SD teams from all regions of Europe and consists of three sections: the first section explores the current adoption of AI-tools in software production, the second section addresses common challenges in LLMs implementation, and the third section provides a forecast of the tech future in AI-tools development for SD.
The study reveals that AI-tools, particularly LLMs, have gained popularity and approbation in European IT companies for tasks related to software design and construction, coding, and software documentation. However, their usage for business and system analysis remains limited. Nevertheless, challenges such as resource constraints and organizational resistance are evident.
The article also highlights the potential of AI-tools in the software development process, such as automating routine operations, speeding up work processes, and enhancing software product excellence. Moreover, the research examines the transformation of IT paradigms driven by AI-tools, leading to changes in the skill sets of software developers. Although the impact of LLMs on the software development industry is perceived as modest, experts anticipate significant changes in the next 10 years, including AI-tools integration into advanced IDEs, software project management systems, and product management tools.
Ethical concerns about data ownership, information security and legal aspects of AI-tools usage are also discussed, with experts emphasizing the need for legal formalization and regulation in the AI domain. Overall, the study highlights the growing importance and potential of AI-tools in software development, as well as the need for careful consideration of challenges and ethical implications to fully leverage their benefits.
Optimization algorithms play a vital role in training deep learning models effectively. This research paper presents a comprehensive comparative analysis of various optimization algorithms for Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) in the context of time series regression. The study focuses on the specific application of maximum temperature prediction, utilizing a dataset of historical temperature records. The primary objective is to investigate the performance of different optimizers and evaluate their impact on the accuracy and convergence properties of the CNN model. Experiments were conducted using different optimizers, including Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD), RMSprop, Adagrad, Adadelta, Adam, and Adamax, while keeping other factors constant. Their performance was evaluated and compared based on metrics such as mean squared error (MSE), mean absolute error (MAE), root mean squared error (RMSE), R-squared (R²), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), and explained variance score (EVS) to measure the predictive accuracy and generalization capability of the models. Additionally, learning curves are analyzed to observe the convergence behavior of each optimizer. The experimental results, indicating significant variations in convergence speed, accuracy, and robustness among the optimizers, underscore the research value of this work. By comprehensively evaluating and comparing various optimization algorithms, we aimed to provide valuable insights into their performance characteristics in the context of time series regression using CNN models. This work contributes to the understanding of optimizer selection and its impact on model performance, assisting researchers and practitioners in choosing the most suitable optimization algorithm for time series regression tasks.[...] Read more.
This paper explores the proposed solutions based on blockchain technology's potential to solve supply chain management issues. The problems include lack of traceability and transparency, scalability and cost issues, sustainability, efficiency, patchwork logistics, and bullwhip effect issues. In this paper, we have suggested some solutions with the help of blockchain technology. The solutions can solve multiple significant issues in supply chain management. Our blockchain-based solutions can provide a secure and visible record of all transactions and data along the supply chain, which can improve traceability and transparency, a decentralized and efficient method of data processing and exchange that can also increase scalability and reduce cost, a transparent and accountable way to track and verify sustainability-related data. Our method can enable more streamlined and automated tracking and data sharing, helping to reduce the risk of delays and inefficiencies while mitigating the risk of the bullwhip effect by providing real-time visibility and enabling better communication and collaboration between parties. The paper discusses the implications and challenges of implementing blockchain in supply chain management.[...] Read more.