Study of Techniques used for Medical Image Segmentation and Computation of Statistical Test for Region Classification of Brain MRI

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Anamika Ahirwar 1,*

1. Department of Computer Science Engineering & IT, Maharana Pratap College of Technology, Gwalior, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 24 Aug. 2012 / Revised: 9 Dec. 2012 / Accepted: 25 Jan. 2013 / Published: 8 Apr. 2013

Index Terms

White Matter(WM), Gray Matter(GM), Ceribrospinal Fluid(CSF), Confusion Matrix


This paper explores the possibility of applying techniques for segmenting the regions of medical image. For this we need to investigate the use of different techniques which helps for detection and classification of image regions. We also discuss some segmentation methods classified by researchers. Region classification is an essential process in the visualization of brain tissues of MRI. Brain image is basically classified into three regions; WM, GM and CSF. The forth region can be called as the tumor region, if the image is not normal. In the paper; Segmentation and characterization of Brain MR image regions using SOM and neuro fuzzy techniques, we integrate Self Organizing Map(SOM) and Neuro Fuzzy scheme to automatically extract WM, GM, CSF and tumor region of brain MRI image tested on three normal and three abnormal brain MRI images. Now in this paper this scheme is further tested on axial view images to classify the regions of brain MRI and compare the results from the Keith‘s database. Using some statistical tests like accuracy, precision, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, false positive rate, false negative rate, likelihood ratio positive, likelihood ratio negative and prevalence of disease we calculate the effectiveness of the scheme.

Cite This Paper

Anamika Ahirwar, "Study of Techniques used for Medical Image Segmentation and Computation of Statistical Test for Region Classification of Brain MRI", International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS), vol.5, no.5, pp.44-53, 2013. DOI:10.5815/ijitcs.2013.05.06


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