Research Based Solution for Linking Higher Learning Institutions Students to Relevant Companies for Field Attachment

Full Text (PDF, 674KB), PP.40-49

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


Erick R. Samwi 1,* Kisangiri Michael 1 Sabine Moebs 2

1. The Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST), Arusha, Tanzania

2. Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University (DHBW- Heidenheim), Heidenheim, Germany

* Corresponding author.


Received: 2 Aug. 2019 / Revised: 17 Aug. 2019 / Accepted: 25 Aug. 2019 / Published: 8 Oct. 2019

Index Terms

Field attachment, internship, practical training, field practices, higher learning institutions


Work-based learning is what equips students with practical skills. All higher learning institutions (HLIs) have a specified period of time for students to carry out field based practices in companies which are relevant to their fields of study. As the number of students in Tanzanian HLIs become larger, coordination and allocation of students to relevant companies is becoming tougher.  This study therefore intended to examine a better method to facilitate coordination and allocation of students to relevant companies through development of an online computer system. The research study to determine systems’ requirements was conducted in Arusha and Kilimanjaro regions by involving 62 HLI students, 3 HLIs and 5 companies. Data were collected using key informant interviews, observation and workshop. Both informative and descriptive information regarding current practices and desired features were collected and analyzed. It was found that, a platform for registering students’ profiles and companies’ information has advantages to all three main stakeholders who are HLIs, students and companies. Prior to actual implementation, collaborative prototype was designed using pencil software and shared to 5 users from each group of stakeholders to evaluate the tasks. Responses from users were used to refine the requirements and design the final prototype. The final prototype design was used to develop a Field Attachment Management System (FAMS). FAMS indicated to have improved access of students to relevant companies, reports generation, students’ assessment and follow-up conducted by HLIs to their students.

Cite This Paper

Erick R. Samwi, Kisangiri Michael, Sabine Moebs, "Research Based Solution for Linking Higher Learning Institutions Students to Relevant Companies for Field Attachment", International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS), Vol.11, No.10, pp.40-49, 2019. DOI:10.5815/ijitcs.2019.10.06


[1]Abdullah F, Seman AA, Majid NA, Abdul NM, Mustafa M, Sani NF. Web-Based Application of the Internship Management System. J Comput Res Innov. 2017;2(3):46–51. 

[2]Baird BN. Internship, Practicum, and Field Placement Handbook: A Guide for the Helping Professions [Internet]. 7th ed. New York: Routledge; 2016 [cited 2019 Aug 30]. 5–6 p. Available from: internship students&f=false

[3]TCU. Students Enrolled in Universities & University Colleges 2009/2010 - 2013/2014 [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 May 6]. Available from:

[4]Schwaber K, Sutherland J. The Scrum GuideTM The Definitive Guide to Scrum: The Rules of the Game [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 May 6]. Available from:

[5]Tripathi R, Singh R, Jaweria M. Campus Recruitment and Placement System. Int Conf Recent Innov Sci Eng. 2018;293–8. 

[6]Nilesh Bhad, Pooja Kamble, Sunita Saini PYT. Review on An Interactive Training And Placement System. Int J Adv Eng Res Dev. 2016;3(11):250–4. 

[7]Michael OS. Mobile-based SIWES Placement Recommendation System ( A Case Study of Mobile-based SIWES Placement Recommendation System ( A Case Study of Nigerian Universities ). 2016;(July):0–7. 

[8]Gopalswamy S, Valarmathi A. Online Placement Repository Using Web Services. Int J Adv Res Comput Sci Softw Eng. 2016;6(3):685–92. 

[9]PTMS [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 26]. Available from:

[10]Groves RM, Fowler FJ, Couper M, Lepkowski JM, Singer E, Tourangeau R. Survey methodology [Internet]. 2nd ed. New Jersey: Wiley; 2009 [cited 2019 May 20]. 958 p. Available from:  methodology&ots=ffhM6z2nXd&sig=vd30GAwoBUZ8Q5r0eqWxAi9tZDY#v=onepage&q&f=false

[11]Pitts MG, Browne GJ. Stopping Behavior of Systems Analysts during Information Requirements Elicitation. J Manag Inf Syst [Internet]. 2004 [cited 2019 May 18];21(1):203–26. Available from:

[12]Kumar K. Conducting Key Informant Interviews in Developing Contries A.I.D. Program Design and Evaluation Methodology Report No. 13 [Internet]. 1989 [cited 2019 May 6]. Available from:

[13]Drury CG. Methods for direct observation of performance. In: Wilson JR, Corlett EN, editors. Evolution of human work; a practical ergonomics methodology [Internet]. 2nd ed. London: Taylor & Francis Ltd; 1995 [cited 2019 May 6]. p. 45–68. Available from:  Tuwhe5Fd1Pw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false

[14]Gottesdiener E. Requirements by collaboration : workshops for defining needs [Internet]. Addison-Wesley; 2002 [cited 2019 May 15]. 333 p. Available from:  &sig=6LOU6mZ0Ltw3bgXgZUwS76D9OXA#v=onepage&q=requirements workshops&f=false

[15]Cohn M. User stories applied : for agile software development [Internet]. Addison-Wesley; 2004 [cited 2019 Aug 2]. 268 p. Available from:  =mj-69JPY75IoMdBO4RLPWPvI0-o&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=what is user story&f=false

[16]Lucassen G, Dalpiaz F, van der Werf JMEM, Brinkkemper S. Improving agile requirements: the Quality User Story framework and tool. Requir Eng [Internet]. 2016 Sep 1 [cited 2019 Aug 2];21(3):383–403. Available from:

[17]Lewandowski SM. Frameworks for Component-Based Client/Server Computing. ACM Comput Surv [Internet]. 1998 [cited 2019 May 20];30(1). Available from:

[18]Andrews C, Burleson D, Dunks K, Elmore K, Lambert CS, Oppegaard B, et al. A New Method in User-Centered Design: Collaborative Prototype Design Process (CPDP). J Tech Writ Commun [Internet]. 2012 Apr 7 [cited 2019 Aug 2];42(2):123–42. Available from:

[19]Oakley NS, Daudert B, Oakley NS, Daudert B. Establishing Best Practices to Improve Usefulness and Usability of Web Interfaces Providing Atmospheric Data. Bull Am Meteorol Soc [Internet]. 2016 Feb 14 [cited 2019 Aug 2];97(2):263–74. Available from:

[20]Houde S, Hill C. What do Prototypes Prototype? Handb Human-Computer Interact. 2007 Jan 1;367–81. 

[21]Karabulut AT, Ergun E. A New Way of Management: A Scrum Management [Internet]. Vol. 4, International Journal of Commerce and Finance. 2018 [cited 2019 Aug 2]. Available from:

[22]Corry MD, Frick TW, Hansen L. User-centered design and usability testing of a web site: An illustrative case study. Educ Technol Res Dev [Internet]. 1997 Dec [cited 2019 Aug 2];45(4):65–76. Available from: