Classification of the Fire Station Requirement with Using Machine Learning Algorithms

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Can Aydin 1,*

1. Dokuz Eylül University/Management Information System, İzmir, 35160, Turkey

* Corresponding author.


Received: 6 Nov. 2018 / Revised: 17 Nov. 2018 / Accepted: 22 Nov. 2018 / Published: 8 Jan. 2019

Index Terms

Machine Learning, Selection of Location, Geographical Information Systems, Management Information System


In crowded cities, selection of the suitable location for fire stations within the town is a vital issue in terms of rapid response to fires and minimizing loss of life and property. For the selection of the suitable fire station location, at first it is necessary to divide the whole city into certain zones and the need for a fire station service should be questioned for each zone. In this study, based on existing fire stations service area, classification of fire station requirement by zones was carried out using machine learning classification algorithms. In order to estimate fire station requirement according to the zones, a classification study was conducted by using some data such as the travel time of the fire engines to zone from closed fire stations, population density of the zone, the mean number of main and assistant vehicles travelling to the zone from closed fire stations, and the fire station existence data in the zone. The purpose of this study was to determine the most successful classification algorithm for the classification of the fire station requirement of 808 zones determined by Izmir Metropolitan Municipality. As a result of the analysis of fire records between 2015 and 2017, it was found that for the classification of the zones, the most successful algorithm was Random Forest algorithm with 93.84% accuracy rate. Experimental evaluation of the study; according to the 5-minute access distance of the existing fire stations, the fire station requirements of the regions and the fire station needs of the regions covered by the machine learning algorithm classification results were found to be 85.43% similar.

Cite This Paper

Can Aydın, "Classification of the Fire Station Requirement with Using Machine Learning Algorithms", International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS), Vol.11, No.1, pp.24-30, 2019. DOI:10.5815/ijitcs.2019.01.03


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