IJISA Vol. 4, No. 10, Sep. 2012
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 142KB)
The proliferation of Web-enabled devices, including desktops, laptops, tablets, and mobile phones, enables people to communicate, participate and collaborate with each other in various Web communities, viz., forums, social networks, blogs. Simultaneously, the enormous amount of heterogeneous data that is generated by the users of these communities, offers an unprecedented opportunity to create and employ theories & technologies that search and retrieve relevant data from the huge quantity of information available and mine for opinions thereafter. Consequently, Sentiment Analysis which automatically extracts and analyses the subjectivities and sentiments (or polarities) in written text has emerged as an active area of research. This paper previews and reviews the substantial research on the subject of sentiment analysis, expounding its basic terminology, tasks and granularity levels. It further gives an overview of the state- of – art depicting some previous attempts to study sentiment analysis. Its practical and potential applications are also discussed, followed by the issues and challenges that will keep the field dynamic and lively for years to come.[...] Read more.
Social data mining is an interesting phe-nomenon which colligates different sources of social data to extract information. This information can be used in relationship prediction, decision making, pattern recognition, social mapping, responsibility distribution and many other applications. This paper presents a systematical data mining architecture to mine intellectual knowledge from social data. In this research, we use social networking site facebook as primary data source. We collect different attributes such as about me, comments, wall post and age from facebook as raw data and use advanced data mining approaches to excavate intellectual knowledge. We also analyze our mined knowledge with comparison for possible usages like as human behavior prediction, pattern recognition, job responsibility distribution, decision making and product promoting.[...] Read more.
In this paper the development of anti-spam software detecting information attacks is offered. For this purpose it is considered spam filtration system with the multilayered, multivalent architecture, coordinating all ISP’s in the country. All users and ISPs of this system involved in spam filtration process. After spam filtering process, saved spam templates are analyzed and classified. This parameterizing of spam templates give possibility to define the thematic dependence from geographical. For example, what subjects prevail in spam messages sent from the certain countries? Analyzing origins of spam templates from spam-base, it is possible to define and solve the organized social networks of spammers. Thus, the offered system will be capable to reveal purposeful information attacks if those occur.[...] Read more.
Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC) systems have emerged as one of the most promising areas for Industrial Applications. The highly growth of fuzzy logic applications led to the need of finding efficient way to hardware implementation. Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is the most important tool for hardware implementation due to low consumption of energy, high speed of operation and large capacity of data storage. In this paper, instead of an introduction to fuzzy logic control methodology, we have demonstrated the implementation of a FLC through the use of the Very high speed integrated circuits Hardware Description Language (VHDL) code. FLC is designed for an armature control DC motor speed control. VHDL has been used to develop FLC on FPGA. A Sugeno type FLC structure has been used to obtain the controller output. The controller algorithm developed synthesized, simulated and implemented on FPGA Spartan 3E xc3s500e-4fg320 board.[...] Read more.
Optimal placement and sizing of DG in distribution network is an optimization problem with continuous and discrete variables. Many researchers have used evolutionary methods for finding the opti-mal DG placement and sizing. This paper proposes a hybrid algorithm PSO&HBMO for optimal placement and sizing of distributed generation (DG) in radial distribution system to minimize the total power loss and improve the voltage profile. The proposed method is tested on a standard 13 bus radial distribution system and simulation results carried out using MATLAB software. The simulation results indicate that PSO&HBMO method can obtain better results than the simple heuristic search method and PSO algorithm. The method has a potential to be a tool for identifying the best location and rating of a DG to be installed for improving voltage profile and line losses reduction in an electrical power system. Moreover, current reduction is obtained in distribution system.[...] Read more.
There are various noisy non-linear mathematical optimization problems that can be effectively solved by Metaheuristic Algorithms. These are iterative search processes that efficiently perform the exploration and exploitation in the solution space, aiming to efficiently find near optimal solutions. Considering the solution space in a specified region, some models contain global optimum and multiple local optima. In this context, two types of meta-heuristics called Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Firefly algorithms were devised to find optimal solutions of noisy non-linear continuous mathematical models. Firefly Algorithm is one of the recent evolutionary computing models which is inspired by fireflies behavior in nature. PSO is population based optimization technique inspired by social behavior of bird flocking or fish schooling. A series of computational experiments using each algorithm were conducted. The results of this experiment were analyzed and compared to the best solutions found so far on the basis of mean of execution time to converge to the optimum. The Firefly algorithm seems to perform better for higher levels of noise.[...] Read more.
Type-1 diabetes is a disease characterized by high blood-glucose level. Using a fully automated closed loop control system improves the quality of life for type1 diabetic patients. In this paper, a scalable closed loop blood glucose regulation system which is tuned to each patient is presented. This control system doesn't need any data entry from the patient. A recurrent neural network (RNN) is used as a nonlinear predictor and a fuzzy logic controller (FLC) is used to determine the insulin dosage which is required to regulate the blood glucose level. The insulin infusion is restricted by calculation of insulin on board (IOB) which avoids overdosing of insulin. The performance of the proposed NMPC is evaluated by applying full day meal regime to each patient. The evaluation includes testing in relation to specific life style condition, i.e. fasting, postprandial, fault meal estimation, and exercise as a metabolic disturbance. Our simulation results indicate that, the use of a RNN along with a FLC can decrease the postprandial glucose concentration. The proposed controller can be used in fasting and can avoid severe hypo or hyper-glycemia during fasting. It can also decrease the postprandial glucose concentration and can dynamically respond to different glycemic challenges.[...] Read more.
This paper presents a fuzzy controller design for nonlinear system using FPGA. A magnetic levitation system is considered as a case study and the fuzzy controller is designed to keep a magnetic object suspended in the air counteracting the weight of the object. Fuzzy controller will be implemented using FPGA chip. The design will use a high-level programming language HDL for implementing the fuzzy logic controller using the Xfuzzy tools to implement the fuzzy logic controller into HDL code. This paper, advocates a novel approach to implement the fuzzy logic controller for magnetic ball levitation system by using FPGA.[...] Read more.
Artificial immune system (AIS) is a new technique for solving combinatorial optimization problems. AIS are computational systems that explore, describe and apply different mechanisms inspired by biological immune system in order to solve problems in different domains. In this paper, we propose an algorithm based on the principle of clonal selection and affinity maturation mechanism in an immune response used to solve the Hybrid Flow Shop (FSH) scheduling problem. The parameters in this kind of algorithm play an important role in the quality of solutions in one hand and computer time (CPU) needed another hand. The experimental results have shown the influence of these parameters.[...] Read more.
A method for adaptive usability evaluation of B2C eCommerce web services is proposed. For measuring eCommerce usability a checklist integrating eCommerce quality and usability is developed. By a Glowworm swarm optimization (GSO) neural networks-based model the usability dimensions and their checklist items are adaptively selected. A case study for usability evaluation of an eCommerce anthurium retail website is carried out. The experimental results show that GSO with neural networks supports the allocation of usability problems and the defining of relevant improvement measures. The main advantage of the approach is the adaptive selection of most significant checklist dimensions and items and thus significant reduction of the time for usability evaluation and design.[...] Read more.
Analysis and proper assessment of multi-agent system properties are very much important. In this paper, we discussed about methodologies for modeling, analysis and design of multi-agent oriented system with the help of Petri net. A Multi-agent system can be considered as a discrete-event dynamic system and Petri nets are used as a modeling tool to assess the structural properties of the multi-agent system. Petri net provides an assessment of the interaction properties of the multi-agent.[...] Read more.
Quality assessment of Multi-objective Optimization algorithms has been a major concern in the scientific field during the last decades. The entropy metric is introduced and highlighted in computing the diversity of Multi-objective Optimization Algorithms. In this paper, the definition of the entropy metric and the approach of diversity measurement based on entropy are presented. This measurement is adopted to not only Multi-objective Evolutionary Algorithm but also Multi-objective Immune Algorithm. Besides, the key techniques of entropy metric, such as the appropriate principle of grid method, the reasonable parameter selection and the simplification of density function, are discussed and analyzed. Moreover, experimental results prove the validity and efficiency of the entropy metric. The computational effort of entropy increases at a linear rate with the number of points in the solution set, which is indeed superior to other quality indicators. Compared with Generational Distance, it is proved that the entropy metric have the capability of describing the diversity performance on a quantitative basis. Therefore, the entropy criterion can serve as a high-efficient diversity criterion of Multi-objective optimization algorithms.[...] Read more.