IJISA Vol. 14, No. 5, Oct. 2022
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 289KB)
Recently, health management systems have some troubles such as insufficient sharing of medical data, security problems of shared information, tampering and leaking of private data with data modeling probes and developing technology. Local learning is performed together with federated learning and differential entropy method to prevent the leakage of medical confidential information, so blockchain-based learning is preferred to completely eliminate the possibility of leakage while in global learning. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of information can be made with information entropy technology for the effective and maximum use of medical data in the local learning process. The blockchain is used the distributed network structure and inherent security features, at the same time information is treated as a whole, not as islands of data. All the way through this work, data sharing between medical systems can be encouraged, access records tampered with, and better support medical research and definitive medical treatment. The M/M/1 queue for the memory pool and M/M/C queue to combine integrated blockchains with a unified learning structure. With the proposed model, the number of transactions per block, mining of each block, learning time, index operations per second, number of memory pools, waiting time in the memory pool, number of unconfirmed transactions in the whole system, total number of transactions were examined.
Thanks to this study, the protection of the medical privacy information of the user during the service process and the autonomous management of the patient’s own medical data will benefit the protection of privacy within the scope of medical data sharing. Motivated by this, proposed a blockchain and federated learning-based data management system able to develop in next studies.
Taking into consideration the lack of circumstantial alertness, automated fault analysis and labor-saving switches, the present-day electrical power grid system has been deteriorating day by day. The backbone technology of this grid system is too ill-fitted to the on-going demand for electricity. Despite the fact that the government of Bangladesh has set a new target of reaching the total power generation to be 40,000 MW by 2030. Hence the infrastructure and corresponding technology of the electrical power sector are required to be modernized to cope with this gigantic target within a short time. Another challenging fact is that the rapid expansion of population and power-intensive industrialization trigger off the carbon emissions that lead to global climate change. Also, the constraints of electricity generation capacity, unidirectional way of communication, failure of power equipment and dropping off conventional sources of energy impose burden on the existing electric power grid. This paper articulates the needfulness of reflection on CO2 emissions or reduction in the electricity bill of the consumer in developing countries by employing a mathematical model and by proposing some fruitful methods to implement AMI for smart grid.[...] Read more.
In this research, alternate random wave sine and cosine for discrete time-varying processes via Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) in a deterministic manner were developed. The mean and variance of the cosine and sine periodical time-varying wavy functions were derived such that Maclaurin series via full Taylor series expansion was used to rewrite the mean and variance functions. Wavy buoys of sea temperature, significant wave height, and mean wave direction of Belmullet Inner (Berth B) and Belmullet Outer (Berth A) of the Atlantic Ocean based on the west coastal of Ireland were subjected to the random sine and cosine wave functions of ARIMA. Cosine-ARIMA (1, 1, 3) and cosine-ARIMA (0, 1, 1) were the sea temperature inner and outer oceanic climate wave buoys of Berth B and A with time-periods of 8437.5 and 8035.714 respectively. Cosine-ARIMA (5, 1, 0) gave minimum performance for peak direction of inner and outer oceanic climate wave buoys of both Berth B and A, but with different time-periods of 168750 and 56250 respectively. Lastly, cosine-ARIMA (2, 1, 2) and sine-ARIMA (0, 1, 5) put in the ideal generalization for wave height of Berth B and A with the same associated wave time-periods of 56250, that is, it takes 56250 seconds to complete one swaying cycle.[...] Read more.
The consumption of wine these days is becoming more common in social gatherings and to monitor the health of individuals it's very important to maintain the quality of the wine. For the assessment of wine quality many methods have been proposed. We have described a technique to pre-process the “Vinho Verde” wine dataset. The dataset consists of red and white wine samples. The wine dataset size has been reduced from a total of 13 attributes to 9 attributes without any loss of performance. This has been validated through various classification techniques like Random Forest Classifier, Decision tree Classifiers, K-Nearest Neighbor Classifier and Artificial Neural Network Classifier. These classifiers have been compared based on two performance metrics of accuracy and RMSE values. Among the three classifiers Random Forest tends to outperform the other two classifiers in various measures for predicting the quality of the wine.[...] Read more.
The impact of rain-influenced attenuation (RIA) has a more pronounced effect as frequency increases, especially in the tropical zones with heavier rainfall than the temperate zones. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has recommended a universal model which may not fit well in this tropical region due to the temperate data used to develop the model. It is therefore necessary to adopt locally measured data to develop a suitable model for each region, as also recommended by ITU recommendation 618-13. The experimental site for this study is at the Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria (7.299° N, 5.147° E) in the tropical rainforest region of Nigeria. In the present work, the backpropagation neural network (BPNN) of the artificial neural network (ANN) is trained based on time-series rain rates data collected between 2015 and 2019 to predict time-series RIA. Based on four inputs (rain rate, rain heights, elevation angle, and polarization angle), the generated data was subjected to training, validation, and testing. The ANN was further trained using the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm to fit the inputs and the targets to create a dynamic model for RIA forecasting. Further validation was tested using actual data of rain attenuation from a Ku-band beacon at the site. Subsequently, the RIA model created by the ANN was compared to those generated using the synthetic storm technique, ITU, and the actual rain attenuation obtained from a beacon measurement. The highest rain rate observed was about 225.8 mm/hr with a corresponding rain attenuation of about 61 dB as estimated by the SST model and about 68 dB by the ITU model, while the predicted attenuation by the ANN is 55 dB. This implies that an extra power of 6 dB and 13 dB is added by the SST model and ITU model, respectively, for the downlink signal, to compensate for the rain attenuation link. The results also reveal that during 0.01 percent of an average year that signal may be attenuated, a relatively tiny margin of error between anticipated rain attenuation using ANN and the SST model is exceeded. In general, the new ANN-generated RIA model had the lowest root mean square error, average relative error, and standard deviation at the selected time percentages, according to the model validation. Hence, the new ANN model can predict more effective RIA in the region when compared with the global ITU-R model.[...] Read more.