Batik Classification with Artificial Neural Network Based on Texture-Shape Feature of Main Ornament

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Anita Ahmad Kasim 1,2,* Retantyo Wardoyo 1 Agus Harjoko 1

1. Department of Computer Science and Electronics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada,Yogyakarta, Indonesia

2. Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Tadulako, Indonesia

* Corresponding author.


Received: 20 Jul. 2016 / Revised: 2 Dec. 2016 / Accepted: 26 Feb. 2017 / Published: 8 Jun. 2017

Index Terms

Batik, Artificial Neural Network, Texture-Shape Feature


Batik is a textile with motifs of Indonesian culture which has been recognized by UNESCO as world cultural heritage. Batik has many motifs which are classified in various classes of batik. This study aims to combine the features of texture and the feature of shapes’ ornament in batik to classify images using artificial neural networks. The value of texture features of images in batik is extracted using a gray level co-occurrence matrices (GLCM) which include Angular Second Moment (ASM) / energy), contrast, correlation, and inverse different moment (IDM). The value of shape features is extracted using a binary morphological operation which includes compactness, eccentricity, rectangularity and solidity. At this phase of the training and testing, we compare the value of a classification accuracy of neural networks in each class in batik with their texture features, their shape, and the combination of texture and shape features. From the three features used in the classification of batik image with artificial neural networks, it was obtained that shape feature has the lowest accuracy rate of 80.95% and the combination of texture and shape features produces a greater value of accuracy by 90.48%. The results obtained in this study indicate that there is an increase in accuracy of batik image classification using the artificial neural network with the combination of texture and shape features in batik image.

Cite This Paper

Anita Ahmad Kasim, Retantyo Wardoyo, Agus Harjoko,"Batik Classification with Artificial Neural Network Based on Texture-Shape Feature of Main Ornament", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), Vol.9, No.6, pp.55-65, 2017. DOI:10.5815/ijisa.2017.06.06


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