Integrating Face and the Both Irises for Personal Authentication

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Leila Zoubida 1,* Reda Adjoudj 1

1. EEDIS Laboratory, Djillali Liabes University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Sidi Bel Abbes, 22000, Algeria

* Corresponding author.


Received: 11 May 2016 / Revised: 20 Sep. 2016 / Accepted: 15 Nov. 2016 / Published: 8 Mar. 2017

Index Terms

Multibiometric, Pattern Recognition, Iris Authentication, Face Authentication, Score Level Fusion, Support Vector Machines


The biometric authentication, which use the characteristic of persons to verify their identity by using their behavioral and physiological characteristics are an important application of the pattern recognition. There are different biometric modalities used to achieve the task of recognition. Among the most popular traits biometric currently used in several applications are the face and the iris. This paper proposes a multi-biometric technique which combines the face modality with the both irises (the left and the right irises) to authenticate the persons. The fusion of these two traits biometrics combines the advantages of the both instances of the iris modality with the face modality. The wavelets are used for the extraction of the biometrics features and the Support Vector Machine is used to obtain scores for fusion. Then, the Min-Max operator is used to normalize these scores. The fusion is operated at score level by the combination of two methods: a combination method and a classification method. So, we used the five rules (Sum, Product, Max, Min, Mean) combined with a classification method for the fusion. The Fusion is tested using the SDUMLA-HMT database. The experimental results show that multi-biometric systems achieve the task of recognition better than the mono-modal systems.

Cite This Paper

Leila Zoubida, Réda Adjoudj,"Integrating Face and the Both Irises for Personal Authentication", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications (IJISA), Vol.9, No.3, pp.8-17, 2017. DOI:10.5815/ijisa.2017.03.02


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